Yorkshire Terrier 

Breed History

Yorkshire Terrier puppy  

Yorkshire Terrier is a seven-pound dog with a coat long enough to look like human hair. Confident, energetic, strong minded Yorkies are popular in major American cities.  

Excellent watchdogs that will bark and protect their territory at all cost. Known for their diligence keeping tiny rodents out of warehouses, mills, and homes is one of the specialties of the Yorkshire Terrier.

They come from the England counties of Yorkshire and Lancashire. Improvements in Yorkshire is the reason why they carry the name of that county. Due to conditions in their homeland these breeders had to come to England.

Breeders from Scotland who went to these counties with the Terriers from their hometown. Migration was because they were looking for work and Yorkshire County was somewhere that was in need of workers.

They were known be men who were not elites in society but working-class individuals. Blue collar workers who weren’t government officials were the ones who made them what they’re today.

Cross breeding with the Skye and Dandie Dinmont Terrier and some sources thinks the Maltese are the dogs that made their distinct look. Like most terriers they were bred to hunt rodents and that’s something they did from day one.

Recognition from major Kennel Clubs back in the 1880’s. They came to America a decade earlier but got quick recognition from the Kennel Club in the United Kingdom and the American Kennel Club.

Registration

Kennel Clubs all around the world show recognition to the seven-pound beauty. Countries around the world have a Yorkshire Terrier due to the convenience of having them in any living situation.

They are very popular in big cities where apartment dwellers still want to have pets. Always ranking in the top ten with the AKC you can tell these dogs are here to stay for the long run.

Here are the Kennel Clubs around the world that register this breed.

Size

Male Weight: Must not exceed seven pounds

Female Weight: Must not exceed seven pounds

Male Height: 8-9 inches

Female Height: 7-8 inches

Litter Size

Toy breeds are known to have small litter sizes. Yorkshire Terrier litter sizes are 3.5 on average sometimes a little more sometimes less.

Colors

  • Dark Blue Steel
  • Tan
  • The boast a shiny coat that must be straight and not curly.

Yorkshire Terrier Price

The price of a Yorkshire Terrier will cost between $2,000 and $10,000 depending on the quality and bloodline of the dog. Papers will provide documentation of the authenticity of the bloodline.

Without papers you may pay $300 to $800 without the guarantee of the dog being the exact breed you are paying money for at the time of purchase.

Grooming

A Yorkie can have different types of coats, so it is important to figure out which one you have and groom appropriately. Fine and silky coat is the most common so we will address that one. Fur from this dog is always given comparisons with human hair as well.

  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

You want to brush your Yorkies hair often. Since the hair is so long you can brush it without touching all the way to the skin. This is important to keep the coat from tangling or getting matted.

Using a comb is important for the same reasons. Keeping the coat healthy with separation is the best thing you can do if you chose to groom personally. Failure to keep up with the coat will result in a future painful grooming session.

Bathe the dog when they get dirty. A personal decision that can be different from one owner to the next one. Some like to do it on a schedule like once a week other people when they smell a scent. Choice is yours.

Ear infection cost can really start to add up. Make sure you clean the ears often to avoid a potential infection of the ears.

Trimming the nails happen during walks but if you chose to not follow our exercise program you will need to buy clippers and trim the nails.

Getting some professional help grooming this breed is recommended. If you don’t know what to do and choose to do nothing spend a little money and have someone else do it for a small fee.

Dog Grooming for Beginners

Life Span

Life span of a Yorkie is between 12-15 years. The Yorkies live a long time for a dog. You should plan to have your dog for longer than a decade and sometime a decade and a half.

Spending that amount of time walking, training, and sharing affection with a dog will always be with you long after the dog is gone.

Health Issues

Protein Losing Enteropathy – losing protein can be a deadly condition for a dog to have. Decrease in appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss are all signs that the dog may be experiencing some of these issues.

Luxating Patella – also known as slipped knee cap is something that all little dogs should be given an exam for during the first six months of their lives and a vet can tell you if they have it or not.

Digestive System – Yorkies have a sensitive digestive system and are prone to throwing up, abdominal pain, and pancreas inflammation. Changes in the diet may cause this breed to react differently. Maintaining a steady diet of the same food is recommended.

Eye Issues – Tearing is one of the most common issues with a Yorkie. Cherry eye is common and as they age cataracts and blindness. Eye discharges will be frequent, and maintenance is going be the best prevention.

Allergies – scratching, losing hair, fluffy fur can all be signs that your dog is having an allergic reaction. A Changing dog food can result in the reaction if the new food has soy product. Being aware of the food you fed your dog prior will help you stop the issue.

Breed Group

Legendary toy group is the king of the lap companions and consists of small dogs only. Many bigger dogs coming from hunting, herding, or non-sporting backgrounds were bred down into smaller dogs.

Most of the major Kennel Clubs will have some type of Toy Group and places these dogs in that category. There is difficulty in trying to find a place for them for they’re put in the miscellaneous little dog group.

Here are some of the dogs that make up the group

Exercise Needs

Many small dogs fall victim of false narrative such as they don’t need that much exercise, we walk to the mailbox, or my favorite we go out and play fetch once a month.

Dog owners need to remember exercise is a chore that you will never get around if you want your dog to behave and listen. Once you hear they don’t need any you can assume you are talking to someone that isn’t worth listening to anymore.

Yorkies are energetic dogs because they don’t receive any exercise from owners. Taking exercise seriously is one of the best decisions you will ever make as an owner.

Here is what we recommend for a Yorkshire Terrier

Morning (Hour run, walk or treadmill)

Evening (30 minutes run, walk, or treadmill)

A younger dog will most likely need two sessions per day for more than an hour to get them acting normal. Once the dog gets a little older, 3-5 years old, you will notice you can exercise less and get the same results.

Senior dogs will need exercise less than their younger versions. You may only need 30 minutes and the dog will be good to go.

Different ways to understand the exercise requirements come in two forms. We prefer to look at the way they behave as an indicator to increase or decrease the regiment.

When a dog gets a walk and is still jumping and not listening, we will give him more. If he comes home and lays down and remains calm throughout the day then he has gotten enough.

Training

Yorkies are known to be stubborn and independent. Let’s address both from the beginning. A stubborn dog who is independent will need you to challenge them physically.

Running, walking, and treadmill work daily will make the dog look at you for direction for one to two hours per day. That simple adjustment will make the dog look to you for direction.

You should use commands to fix the suborn and independent mindset. When they come out of the cage, go to the bathroom, before the walk, before they eat, or drink water make sure you request for them to sit quietly.

Smaller dogs need to be crate trained for most people. I don’t use them, but you should know you need to exercise the dog before you take them to the crate.

Don’t put a fully energetic dog inside of a crate. That’s the wrong way to go about crate training and will create issues. Crates should represent a resting place, or a room, to recover after a long walk or run.

House training a dog is simple but not easy. Awareness is key, and you must be relentless until the dog and you are always on the same page.

Take the time to check out all the resources in this section and you will be years ahead of most dog owners by following the instructions.

Can a Yorkie be left Alone?

Yes, they can be left alone after a long run or a long walk. When people try to leave dogs in a cage day after day without any exercise it is no surprise that it ends up badly.

Pre exhaust the dog and make sure they are getting the proper amount. Don’t take them on a 10-minute walk get them out for an hour minimum. Put them in the cage and start the relationship right.

When the dog is showing excellent manners and behavior inside the crate with the door open and at the house outside of the crate start using small store runs and see what happens.

Remember you need to take them out to use the bathroom at least 4 times per day and you should have no issues with potty training.

Are Yorkshire Terriers a Good Pet?

They’re great pets and most people enjoy having them due to their personalities and cute appearance. Taking the time to exercise and train that Yorkie will make that relationship and bond unbreakable.

You will have the cutest dog that wants to listen to their owner. Train, exercise, rinse and repeat daily. Results will vary on the basis of how much you are meeting their needs and how consistent you are with corrections and following through with the training program.