Welsh Terrier

Breed Information

Breed History

Welsh Terrier

Welsh Terrier is a medium size dog that is smart, intelligent, and alert. Social personality that is outgoing and friendly with most people they come across. Hosting a long nose and beard appearance it is hard to miss a Welsh Terrier.

Their origins are unknown to everyone who looks to find evidence before the 18th century. During the 1700’s they were known to hunt down different animals. Foxes and vermin are one of the most common prey.

Coming from Wales which is a country that is under the control of the United Kingdom. Commonly known as Welsh that is where they would get the first part of their name from.

UK has many dog breed, but this dog is known to be the oldest of all dog breeds from the area. Workers on farmland they are the original exterminators and got rid of rodents at a rapid rate.

Terriers can kill rats at a rate of a few hundred per hour. Speed, agility, and prey drive gives rats of significant size no where to hid. Farms would carry a lot of food and the rats would eat and breed in these areas.

In order to hunt fox, they would need to be in packs because of the size of the fox. Nonetheless a pack of Welsh Terriers could take out a fox. Although this is their history, they have a different use in the modern days.

Most Welsh Terriers are now house pets and don’t work on farms. Some of the best bloodlines are now show dogs and are in fierce competition. Days of hunting and killing are far behind the breed.


In 1888, they would receive recognition from the American Kennel Club. Making them one of the first to ever get registration from the club. They’re one of the originals to come into the club.

Top 110 in popularity they remain decent in terms of registration from owners. More popular in their homeland they suffer the same fate as many working dogs. They were once in need of these dogs and now they’re no longer a necessity for farm survival.

Terrier Group by all major kennel clubs and they all show registration of the dog. Here are the major kennel clubs and all their breed standards for this breed.

Welsh Terrier Size

Male Height: 15 inches

Female Height: 12 inches

Male Weight: 20 pounds

Female Weight: 15 pounds

Litter Size

4-5 puppies are the average litter size for a Welsh Terrier. Breeders should aware of how many puppies to expect. Keeping the puppies until they are eight weeks old is the best practice. Mothers have no known health problems when delivering their puppies.


  • Black and Tan
  • Grizzle and Tan
  • Black Grizzle and Tan

Welsh Terrier Price

$1,200-$2,500 is the average price for a Welsh Terrier. Prices vary depending on location, currency, price, demand and other factors that can affect the cost.

Puppies with papers will cost more than puppies without them. Tracking the bloodline from their Kennel Club in the UK until they arrive in your country. Adhering to the breed standard and breeding frequency is a strict policy.

Without papers one, or both, of the parents were unable to receive papers and therefore the puppy cannot receive them either. Most of the time this is due to crossbreeding.


Taking your dog on a long run or walk will help make the grooming process smoother. When the dog is full of energy it is harder to calm them down and give them a relaxing bath. Use a leash while grooming after a long exercise session and the results will come quickly.

  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

Brush the coat at least once per week to keep the coat in great condition. Get a brush the reaches the skin and brush them as often as possible.

Combing the coat should happen at least once per week as well. During shedding season combing and brushing will help to remove excess hair.

Bathe the dog after a long exercise session. Little dogs can go in the bath and it is always better to start without any energy build up to teach them how the process should go.

Ears should be clean at least once per week to avoid any infections. When the dog is shaking their heads a lot, scratching their heads, and a strong odor is coming from the ears they have an infection.

Trimming the nails should happen during the daily walks or runs, which we recommend. If you don’t exercise your dog, which we don’t recommend, cut them with clippers or take them to a professional.

Professional help is not a recommendation with the Welsh Terrier.

Life Span

12-14 years is the lifespan of a Welsh Terrier. They live a long time and it is an average lifespan among the Terrier family. Owners should be aware of how long of a commitment they’re making while buying one of these dogs. Great dog to adopt when they’re young adults because you can still own them for another decade.

Health Issues

Primary Lens Luxation – when a dog has inflammation, cataracts, or glaucoma they will start to develop secondary effects in the same area. This eye issue will happen in the older stages of the Welsh Terriers life.

Official Kennel Club for the Welsh Terriers do not recommend any test and there are no known health issues that affect this breed overall.

Breed Group

Proud and old member of the Terrier Group. These are a group of dogs coming from the United Kingdom and different parts of Europe as farm dogs on their farmland.

Ratters by nature can kill many rodents in a short period of time. In packs they can take down larger prey and have a strong prey drive for a small dog.

Here are some of the dogs in the Terrier Group

Exercise Needs

Welsh Terriers need a lot of exercise daily to meet their exercise requirements. Most dog owners make the mistake of thinking their dog doesn’t need much exercise because they’re small.

Let me tell you how to know how much exercise your dog needs. Bad behavior is the best indicator of how much exercise you are, or you are not giving the dog.

Whenever a dog is misbehaving and showing signs of over excitement, digging, barking, jumping, biting and nipping then you are probably not giving them any exercise.

Start now by giving them daily exercise and you will see all those behaviors start to melt away. Understanding the connection between lack of exercise and bad behavior will make you a different owner.

Here is a basic guideline you should start with and increase to one hour in the evening if you need it.

Morning: Hour (run, walk or treadmill)

Evening: 30 mins (run, walk or treadmill)

Younger dogs will show the most energy and need the most exercise as a result. During this time of youth, they will need a lot of runs, two session days, and a lot of commands training during this time.

Adult dogs will show a decline in energy levels and their exercise requirements will decrease as a result. Around this time, they will start needing only one session, still some runs, and training will be on autopilot.

Senior dogs have little to no energy and only need a short walk around the corner to meet their needs. One session days, no runs, and training will still be automatic.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Every house should be built on a solid foundation and no foundation is more solid than daily exercise. Taking the dog from no exercise to 365 hours a years will make a huge difference. That’s only at one hour per day. If you really want to see a change do it for two hours per day broken into two sessions and that would end somewhere around 720 hours in one year. After a few years your dog will be completely calm. Expect to spend most of your time in this area.

Commands training will help you take control of the dog in every situation. On or off leash you will be able to control events verbally. Repetition is the best teacher with the dog and continue to train the dog. Use treats, toys, or life rewards to motivate the dog and keep them engaged.

Socialize the dog with a long exercise session first and then socialize after. Before vet visits, parks, dog parks, car rides, and other events give them an hour of exercise first. Trust me and you won’t be disappointed.  

Correct the dog verbally, on or off leash and following the principles will make the dog listen. Use the same timing as dogs and that’s the best way to communicate with them. When a dog is food aggressive, they will bark when you approach the bowl not after. Time the correct before the bad behavior takes place. The other principle you need to master is making them sit or lay after you time the correct properly.

Are Welsh Terriers Hard to Train?

No, they’re not hard to train and one of the most intelligent dogs to own. Getting the dog, the proper amount of exercise makes them a blast to train. Warning, this is going to take work and isn’t some quick fix button. You must work to get your dog to act the way they should. Once they know the rules while getting exercise, they will start to behavior good on autopilot. Stay focused and the hard work will pay off in the end.

Additional Resources