Breed History

Samoyed is a strong, intelligent, hardworking dog with endless energy. You will see them with a big thick white coat that keeps them warm in some of the coldest elements. Members of the ancient Spitz dog stock.

Known for their face that appears to be a smile. Sammies, which is their nickname, are a dog that comes from the coldest places in the world and flourishes working under any conditions.

Oymyakon, Siberia is the location that these dogs come from. One of the coldest places in the world where temperatures can drop to -65 degrees.

Other locations they are in connection with are places they went after they were already here and migrated.

Samoyede people in Asia were peaceful group of tribesmen and they are the people where this breed got their name from. They did a lot of work for these group of people.

Hunting for reindeer, because it was a primary source of meat in the area, was one of the main activities they did to assist in the survival of the people in those regions.

Protection from wolves was another area that the people were in desperate need of from them as well. Wolves would bother residents and kill animals the people would raise that would eventually become food.

Natural herding dogs with a strong sense of moving the pack of animals without causing any harm. Although they have many talents, they still were doing sledding missions carrying supplies in freezing temperatures.


Registration with the AKC in 1906 and one of the first 50 to officially become recognized. Worldwide every popular kennel club shows them as a member.

They came to the United States through Alaska and finally into the country.

Here are the Kennel Clubs that show recognition.  


Male Weight: 45-65 pounds

Female Weight: 35-45 pounds

Male Height: 21-23 ½ inches

Female Height: 19-21 inches

Litter Size

A good rule of thumb is the bigger the dog the bigger the litter. Litter size for this breed is 6 to 8 puppies for this medium dog breed.

Females will go into heat every six to eight months and will be pregnant for another two months. There is no evidence of any serious labor issues while delivering. Natural birth happens organically.


  • White
  • Biscuit
  • Cream

Any color other than the ones above are not good and Blues eyes are a disqualification as well.


The price of $1,000 to $3,000 for a dog with papers. Papers will show you generations of kennel clubs and breeders with a guarantee of the quality of puppy with close alliance with the standards of the breed.

Dogs without papers will be $200-$400 on average. You will not know or have any organization with strict guidelines to receive paperwork. Quality of the dog may be different than you expect.


Samoyed shed so much you can pile up the hair and cover parts of the floor. Shedding will happen at least twice per year when they get rid of their outer coat. Hair will be everywhere like the living room, bedroom, car, couch and any other area you choose to have them during this time.

When it comes to grooming make sure you take care of these areas or hire a professional to do it for you. Those areas are

  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

Brush the coat a lot! At least two to three times per week to keep it in great condition. During times of the year when dogs are shedding getting the proper brush can help them shed the outer coat quicker.

Combing will help detangle and ensure the dog won’t experience matting. Painful grooming will follow so make sure you are combing to the skin at least a few times a week.

Bathe the dog when dirty. Scheduling the baths aren’t a bad idea either. Some dogs are outside dogs and others are house dogs which will require different approaches. If you have any issues bathing the dog take them on a nice long run before you start.

Clean the ears especially in dirt areas that have a lot of wind. Dirt will need to be taken out of the ears on a weekly basis. Failure to do so will result in ear infections and unnecessary vet bills.

Nails can be done in two ways. You can cut them, or you can do them the way it would happen in nature. Exercise on the pavement will lower to nails down naturally.

Life Span

12-14 years is the lifespan for a Samoyed. Long period of time to own a dog. For example, the kids can go from babies until teenagers only having one dog at home.

You can go from 20 to 34 with one dog. So, make sure you are ready for that time period when you buy this dog. Understanding the time periods, they live is important because they don’t live forever.

Health Issues

Eye Exam – this test can be taken at the vet or clinic. Pupil examination, eye stains, glaucoma, cataracts, and other issues will be in full focus during this hour. Test should happen after the dog is one year of age. On going eye problems can become costly so it is best to discover issues quickly and start the process of healing if possible.

Hip Dysplasia – Dogs have issues with hip dysplasia of all sizes, but big breeds have it the worse. Medium size dogs are safer, but this breed does have problems with this condition. Dogs need an x-ray to determine if they have irregular bone and hip socket placement. Although there isn’t much you can do if they have this condition you can help with joint lubrication and other methods.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy – Being a member of this small community of dogs that inherit progressive retinal atrophy from their parents. Unfortunately, dogs will end up becoming blind at some point in their life. Three to five years old and this will start to affect the breed and there is no cure at this point. Other breeds that suffer from this condition is the Akita, Papillon, Tibetan Spaniel, Tibetan Terrier, and Samoyed.

Congenital Cardiac – heart defects at birth will stop this dog’s heart from functioning properly. There is medication and different methods you can try that will help the dog survive. At some point you will have to address the condition, or you may see some strong side effects.

Breed Group

Perfect group for them to be a member of is the Working Group or other Kennel Clubs may call it a Utility Group. These dogs have a long history of working for humans in an assisting manner.

Herding, guard dog, pulling, sledding, rescues, therapy, and many other jobs are all a part of what this group has done before. Although there is a herding group most of the dogs here have done herding in addition to other jobs.

Here are some of the dogs that make up the Working Group

Exercise Needs

High energy medium size dog that should be given a strong outlet daily. Failure to provide a daily outlet will result in undesirable behavior to say the least. If you have nothing for the dog to do you might want to find a different dog that would be a better fit.

Running should be a regular activity occurring multiple times per week in addition to runs. Independent is one of the words for their personality but when you exercise them it changes the dynamic.

Here is what we recommend

Morning: One Hour (Run, walk, and treadmill)

Evening: One Hour (Run, walk, or treadmill)

You will make the dog listen to you 2 hours per day and that will condition the brain to see you as the leader and not themselves. Compare that to never exercising and the owner that exercises two hours per day has a dog that must listen for 700 hours more per year.

There will be a complete difference in the way these two different dogs will act getting exercise and not getting exercise. Behavior will differ for one. They will still sit, lay, and stay while never listening.

We teach dog owners, who are clients, to put in the work and watch the results happen organically.

Find any homeless person with a dog and look at their dog. Most of the time they have no leash. When they have a leash there is no pulling. Body language is ears back, tail relaxed, and mouth always open.

Homeless dog is attacking anyone or barking excessively. Difference between your dog and their dog is that they exercise them everyday because they don’t have a car. Perfect example of what you should do with your own dog.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Exercise programs should be the first thing you implement and nothing else should be done until consistency happens. Every day unless you and the dog are tired. It happens but you want to make sure5 to 6 times per week you are doing your part in the exercise department. Watch any documentary with any animal (lion, wolf or dog) and they’re all exercising every day. Copy mother nature for starters.

Next, you should start commands training. Telling a dog, a command isn’t behavior modification like exercising but it is a great part of communication. Learning you body language is first and second, they start to connect the voice. Sorry ladies and gentlemen the dogs don’t speak our language and never will. Repetition will assist you with teaching the dog the verbal side of the training when you lay on the couch giving commands, removing the body language.

Socializing the dog should always be done after exercise. Taking them to the dog park is great but a lot of dog owners bring their dogs to the park without any real exercise. That will alter the way dogs should naturally interact with each other.

Correct the dogs properly with the lowest level of intensity. Making the dog sit or lay after the correction is very important. Rather the correction was verbal or with a leash you need to have them sit or lay.

Are Samoyed Good Pets?

Excellent pets with the ability to protect while being affectionate to everyone in the family. Families benefit from having a strong working dog that everyone can participate and help to exercise. Building a strong bond with everyone.

Other dogs will be easy to integrate with this dog because they’re not dog aggressive. Walking these dogs together daily will help them not choose bad habits and become partners in crime.

Trainability is one of the best traits they have. These dogs can be trained to be great dogs when someone is willing to put in the work until the job is done. Remember the job is never done.

Additional Resources