Rottweilers come from Germany and carry the name of Rottweil. The breed is known for being a working dog and hold the title as one of the elders in the herding group.
Statues and artwork of artifacts from the Roman Empire shows a dog that isn’t identical to the modern-day Rottweiler but the Drover dog that they came from. The dog is known as the Drover dog.
Known for their herding ability for livestock and cattle. They are also very aggressive guard dogs that will protect the yard viciously with their intimidating size.
Rotties were used as sled dogs to bring meat to soldiers. World War I and World War II saw an influx of Rottweiler help. They brought meat and other supplies through pulling the material.
Police, military, and other law enforcement agencies have shown an interest in training Rottweilers for different parts of their departments.
Mixture of the Switzerland Bernese Mountain Dog and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog this beautiful dog has these breeds in their bloodline.
Rottweilers are members of the Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (1914) and the Southern Deutscher Rottweiler Klub. They merged together and became the ADRK. At first these two kennel clubs had different missions.
The split in kennel clubs is usually a disagreement about focus. One wants to focus on characteristics like herding and intelligence. The other cares solely about the appearance of the dog or altering some traits.
In 1931, the American Kennel Club shows registration for the Rottweiler in America.
Rottweilers went on to become the most popular breed in America at one point and continue to see itself in the top 10 of registration.
Male Size: 110-130
Female Size 80-105
Male Height: 24-27 inches
Female Height: 22-25 inches
Rottweilers are a big breed and it will take them around three years before they reach their full size. Until then they will be slightly lanky and growing into their big frames.
Rottweilers can get tall and can become a physical force. Let’s remember two things they don’t know they are Rottweilers and they have no idea people are afraid of them.
There are some concerns about the size and strength of a Rottweiler, but with a great outlet the dog should be a joy and good family dog.
Rottweiler Exercise Needs
Rottweilers need a lot of exercise. Owners that I train often don’t understand how much their Rotts need. The history of a rottweiler boast a dog that was working with cattle, sled dog, and on guard dog duties.
The recommendation should be as follows and adjust later as you see fit
Morning: Run, walk or treadmill 1 hour
Afternoon: Run, walk, or treadmill 1 hour
I wouldn’t think about not exercising a Rottweiler for two hours per day for starters. Once you see where the behavior is heading at this point, I would look to increase only.
If behavior or boredom problems persist, I would look at adding a dog back pack. This will feed the instinctual need to conduct a job.
Having a Rottweiler and refusing to exercise them can have some harsh consequences.
Why You Need to Exercise a Rottweiler
The size of the Rottweiler makes it unacceptable for the behavior problems that can fester later in life. This is a large dog breed and you don’t want them to develop bad habits as an outlet for poor ownership.
Dog owners currently have a terrible time trying to get landlords to accept their dog. The reason is because so many people have put their dog in the backyard and let them figure it out.
At some point if the dog becomes aggressive only the dog gets the blame. The owner is out of sight, out of mind and the dog is taking the blame.
Rottweilers are great family dogs and easy to train but the part where people fall short is the exercise. Run these large breed dogs often and make sure they always get the proper amount.
Training a Rottweiler
Rottweilers are fun, intelligent, and work oriented dogs that will be a blast to train. Keep in mind that they are very obedient towards the owner. You must make sure you are training.
Teach your Rottie the following:
Create your rules around the house, backyard, and on the walk. Everywhere you go including the dog park, when friends visit, and during feeding time consistently teach your dog to do things a certain way.
Being aware of your rules and learning how to enforce them will be the best way to start dog training after exercising.
Corrections are very important but understanding the way to correct is more important. Timing is the number one thing in correcting. It will keep most situations at level one and it doesn’t need to raise to higher levels of intensity.
Next, you want to use intensity only if you can’t get the dog’s attention. We teach the proper way to correct dogs in our training courses.
Commands are essential and with Rottweilers you need to conduct a fair amount of repetition. I’ve never tried to teach a Rott something and they couldn’t learn it.
They have a double coat. The undercoat hair is smooth, and the outside coat is a mixture between straight but mostly wavy.
Every Rottweiler is Mostly black with some brown spots on the forehead and chest.
One of the best coats you will ever see on a dog is when a rottweiler is groomed!
You want to wash you dog whenever dirty, but you will want to brush the coat to the skin often. You will have to deal with shedding in the summertime. During the winter you will see the coat grow back.
Using the right type of brush can help in the shedding season. Rottweilers will shed inside of the house, car, and couch at different times of the year.
Washing, brushing and combing on a consistent basis will keep the coat shiny.
Rottweilers have a short life span of 8-10 years. That is short in comparison to other dog breeds. Fortunately, it will be an amazing 8-10 years from your dog.
Some dogs will live a few years longer, but most of the breed will be gone by the next decade.
Rottweiler Health Issues
Rottweilers host the following health issues
- Hip Dysplasia
- Elbow Dysplasia
- Aortic Stenosis
Hip Dysplasia is a condition where the leg doesn’t sit inside of the hip socket. Causing the dog pain while attempting to exercise you will notice that the dog will want to exercise but refuse shortly after starting.
Take your dog to the doctor if any situation like that occurs and get an x-ray for confirmation.
Elbow Dysplasia is a similar condition and it can be painful to the dog. Again, you will need to get an x-ray to confirm what the dog has in this situation.
Dysplasia from the hip and elbow are heredity and the parents can pass this down the children. Ensure that the hips and elbows have the certification before purchasing a puppy from a breeder.
Aortic Stenosis is a blood restriction issue that heavy-set breeds that are often overweight have an issue with. The blood restriction causes the dog discomfort particularly in their older years.
You need a test done by the vet to determine if there is an issue or if the dog is regular.
Rottweilers have been getting cancer at high rates. Regular annual vet visits will help detect the signs and symptoms of cancer victims.
Bone cancer is a cancer that is normal for this breed. Older dogs tend to get tumors on their bones in their older age.
Rottweilers are more likely to develop bone cancer than other dogs.
Wet Eczema can occur from the dog’s undercoat density. Once there is a bite from an insect or if there is any cut it can be difficult to heal due to the moisture present in the undercoat.
You must be very careful in this situation to let cuts linger and try to keep them dry so that they can heal and scab.
Rotties are members of the working group. This group is known for herding livestock, guarding possessions, and pulling sleds. The breed is known for working long and hard hours for their owners.
Dogs were bred to have these characteristics before Kennel Clubs and dog shows. Main purpose of these dogs was to put in work. We want to remember this when looking at how to train them.
The following dogs are in the working group:
- Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
- Neapolitan Mastiff
- Portuguese Water Dog
- Saint Bernard
- Siberian Husky
- Tibetan Mastiff
Just to name a few in the massive working group. An impressive list of dogs all with different body sizes but mostly on the medium to large dog spectrum.
How to Train a Rottweiler
We teach all our students to start off with an exercise program. Built your training regimen with a daily exercise requirement. A working dog, like a Rottweiler, will benefit from a daily outlet.
Your exercise program should consist of two daily sessions for an hour each for younger dogs.
For older dogs 3-5 years old you will notice if two hours is too much or too little.
5+ years one hour will be enough in most cases.
If behavior problems are routine increase the exercise. If there is too much energy increase the exercise until you get the behavior the way you need it to be. Once you find the correct groove for your household you will most of the behavior issues owners experience.
Next thing we teach is to make your own rules and enforce them every time. Consistency with exercise and rules will make you an effective owner or trainer.
Don’t forget there are many areas where you can relax after the dog is trained and you will relax naturally. The first year of the dog’s life you should be firm on a lot of those rules without breaking.
When the dog becomes trained and listens to everything you ask there is no reason for over enforcement.
Enforcement of rules comes by way of correction. You can correct verbally, leash or by hand. The biggest key is the timing. Once the timing is mastered all levels of intensity decrease.
A veteran dog trainer over time uses more technique like timing and less force to teach. Make sure you check out our article on correcting dogs.
The rottweiler will need correction at first and over time the relationship will begin to be exclusively verbal correction if done right at the beginning.
Are Rottweilers Dangerous
A Rottweiler doesn’t know it is a Rottweiler. No dog is more dangerous than another in that regard. All dogs are on the same playing field when they are born.
The most dangerous part about any breed is the owner with no experience to teach them to behave. That’s the most dangerous part of the Rottweiler or any dog. The person that feeds them, but doesn’t teach them.
Are Rottweilers Good Family Dogs
Rotties are fantastic family dogs. They are great with kids, patient with puppies, and can be a family favorite. My Rottweiler has been around all the kids in the family.
If I need a baby sitter because I am going out of town there are endless volunteers to set up and watch my dog. Training your dog is important and we do that through exercise, rules, and corrections.
Rottweilers are fantastic large size dogs that can be an excellent family companion. Working dog that needs plenty of exercise and rules to keep the mind in a constant state of relaxation.
Easy to train while young and when it is older. The difference is that when they are older, they can potentially weight 100-130 pounds. Easier to train a little puppy that weighs much less.
With a shorter life span than usual you want to enjoy this brilliant dog for the decade you will spend together.
Hope you enjoy the article.