Pug Breed History

Pugs are an ancient dog from Chinese origin. The Pug has been in existence before common era (BCE) better known as before Christ (BC). These dogs were held with families that were elites of their time. Emperors and their families would have Pugs, and everyone wasn’t welcome to own one.

Pictures in the late 1800’s from around the world shows different features than the Pug we see today. The dog was much taller, and the nose was longer than the modern breed. Their size was similar to a pit-bull or boxer in comparison to a small breed.

Pugs made their way out of their homeland by way of gifts. The gifts were only to special friends of the elites of the country. The gift pug would be given to another royal family of the same statue. Gifts were sent to neighboring countries like Japan, North Korea, and South Korea.

Europeans were the next to hold cherish the Pug most notably the House of Orange. Politicians and other Government officials became owners of the breed raising their status in the western world.

Lo-sze is what they are called in their homeland, but Pugs have several different names throughout the world. Dutch refer to them as Mopshund and in France they are known as Carlin. Most of the different names made reference to either their wrinkles or their smushed facial features.


Pugs first made an appearance in a Kennel Club in England during the late 1800’s. The American Kennel Club started its recognition of the breed in 1885. To put that into perspective the first meeting ever held by the club was in 1884.

Pugs are participated and won dog shows in America.

Ranking in the top 30 they have still shown the ability to be popular in different countries. America has a Pug fascination and it shows with the amount of Pug that have registration from reputable breeders.

Pug Size

Male Weight: 12-18 pounds

Female Weight: 14-18 pounds

Male Height: 10-13 inches

Female Height: 10-13 inches

The male and female companion differ much from different breeds where the males are much larger in size and weight. You can see from the breed standards on size and weight they come in almost identical.

The males tend to weigh on the heavier and taller side of the equation, but many female Pugs exhibit the same weight and height. The opposite is true as well there are males that are in the lower range.

The right way to way them in this instance is to list them around the same height and weight due to the small difference from the male and female counterparts.

Pug Exercise Needs

Small dog breeds are victims of the false accusation that they don’t need much exercise. Nothing could be further from the truth. The reality is that ALL dogs need a lot of exercise their first three years and progressively start to scale back as they get older.

A pug is known to be a dog that is easy to train, but no dog is easy to train that is full of excitement. These are the basic recommendations we would give a client on exercising a Pug

Years 1-3

Around 1 ½ to 2 hours per day

Years 3-5

Around 1 hour to 1 ½


30 minutes to 1 hour

Because Pugs are low on the energy totem pool, we don’t think you should take them out twice per day. The lap dog should have more than enough with one exercise session per day.

Remember, when you take on the once per day method monitor the dog’s behavior, socialization, and eating. If everything is exactly where you want it to be no need to increase.

If you start experiencing different issues with behavior often look to increase. Any dog aggression, food aggression, or excessive barking increase exercise. If the dog is being fed and not eating that is a sign that the dog isn’t working enough to even get an appetite.

I can’t tell you how much YOUR dog needs, but the dog will always tell you with their actions if they’re getting the proper amount.


Pugs have a great reputation for wanting to please their owners, but are hard head. The training shouldn’t be an issue if you use of methods of training the dog. You should give the dog plenty of repetition and patience as you begin to get on the same page.

Correct the dog with the proper timing and relax on being too forceful with this breed. Very light corrections should get you the attention you request.

Our article about corrections walks you through the process and the real goal of a correction. To give you a short summary the goal of a correction is to get the dog’s attention and nothing else. Anything further is excessive force.

They key to telling a dog “no” is the timing and not the strength you use. Keep these key principles in mind and you will never have an issue with having the listen and training properly.

Socialization will be big in training because small breeds can become shy. Take them to the dog park a lot, after exercise, and have them interact with their own kind. Don’t just bring them up there any type of way take them the way we teach!


Pugs have a very short double coat and don’t require much combing. You should take the time out to brush your dog often. Washing at least twice per month or as you see fit for your environment will be more than enough.

Dog Grooming for Beginners

Long as you are walking your dog often you should see that the dogs are getting naturally trimmed by the sidewalk. You should never have a dog with very long nails because you are following the exercise program and putting your dog to work.

These dogs shed a fair amount when considering their small coat. Washing and brushing will limit the amount of time shedding the dog will do. The amount of hair will be minimum that have a very thin coat overall.

Pug Life Span

12-15 years

Pugs live a long time in comparison to most of the dog breeds.

Health Issues

Pug Breathing issues

Obstruction of the airway is a very common problem with Pugs. A Pug will experience health issues if left in a hot climate. As an owner you need to be aware of the breathing issues and aware of the symptoms.

When the dogs make noises while breathing that is an early indication. A high level of snoring is also an indication of the dog’s breathing.

While exercising you will see the biggest difference. The panting can become more noticeable.

Making sure you go to the vet every year and always take an extra trip to make sure your dog is healthy will pay dividends in the future.

Narrow nostrils are a sign that the dog will start having issues getting oxygen.

Breathing difficulties can hinder peaceful sleep and cause sleep disorders.

Eye Problems

Cherry Eye

You will see the Pugs with a lot of tears, eye buggers, pink or red in color. Inflammation and slight swelling around the eye can become painful.

Both eyes can get the infection, but it is rare that both will get the same condition.

Eye Ulcers

Ulcers will cause the dog to look highly irritable. Constantly blinking hard and frequently is a common side effect of the condition. Rubbing the eye shows that the condition is bothering the dog also.

Dry Eye

Due to the eyes watering daily from this breed they tend to deal with dry eye more than other dogs that don’t have watering eyes. Eye lubrication is can be the best solution but the redness around the eye and the frequent blinking should raise suspicion and cause you to take the Pug to a vet.

Breed Group

Toy dog breed group is where the Pugs belong. The toy group is very popular in areas where there are more apartments and city living. These smaller dogs are more convenient and generally acceptable to all landlords.

The group features a small number of dogs but some of those dogs are:

The most common feature they have is their size. These dogs are all small and outside of that they’re very different in abilities and characteristics.


Throughout history the Pug has been popular in their respected area. The Chinese held them in high regard and were only the pets of people of royalty.

After the migration into the western world they became more popular in Europe and made their way into the United States. Now the breed is in the top 50 of dogs that are register.

Any time someone sees a Pug they will exactly what they are looking for because of the distinct looks they feature.


Most Pugs are fawns or black. Over 50% of Pugs are either fawn or black in color and the AKC requires that if the Pug is fawn it must have black ears.

How to Train A Pug


We recommend that you get these dogs out on a run or walk at least once per day for an hour. Au usual, your dog’s behavior will let you know what kind of adjustments you need to make to that hour. If they’re laid out and never have any issues at home keep it there.

If you do an hour and the dog is having behavior problems too often make sure you increase to an hour and a half. Start giving them an additional session at night time to adjust for what they’re asking you to give them.

I would grab a cheap treadmill from craigslist for $50 to $100 if on a tight budget and start the second sessions from the house on days where you are don’t have the energy because of work.


Pugs are known as being hard head but at the same time pleasing to the owner. It can’t be both. After following the guidelines for exercising you shouldn’t have any issues training a pug.

Take the time to figure out what is and isn’t a rule. For example, can they just on the couch? Can they sleep on the bed? What areas can they to sleep in? Make sure you know the answer to these questions and many more and start enforcing them from day one.


When a dog is known as being independent that is another word for not listening to the owner. Correct the Pug the way we teach which is 95% hands off and rarely physical in nature.

The more you progress in correcting the dog the right way you should start experiencing nothing but verbal corrections.

Calling the dog stubborn means, it isn’t getting training and doesn’t think you should tell them what to do. Put in the work by way of exercise, rules, and corrections to get your dog to not only listen but impress all your friends and family when they visit. Makes it easy to get a baby sitter.

Dog Exercise Basics for All Breeds

Top 10 Commands to Teach Your Dog

Ultimate Puppy Training Guide


The Pug is an ancient breed from the Chinese area that was held by the elites and their families. Pugs spread to Europe, Japan, and Korea as gifts from these elites from China.

Pugs have been in the American Kennel Club since the late 1800’s and continue to be very popular.

Double coats make them a shedding champ and they should get grooming on a regular basis.

This dog is a member of the toy group lap dog squad and I can have a host of health issues.

The most common will be their breathing and eye problems. Always consult with your local vet to determine if the dog is healthy enough to exercise.

When a training a pug don’t forget little guys need love too. Take them out on walks and runs but don’t forget about their overheating issues. Exercise very early in the morning or late in the afternoon on hot days.

Great day!