Pomeranian History

Pomeranian headshot

Pomeranian get their name from Pomerania, which is an area between Germany and Poland. This breed is very popular and known to have come from that region and is named after the area.

The Spitz dog breed is where they descend from. Spitz dog breed over 2,000 years old. They were bred to work, hunt, and are an intelligent group of pointy nose dogs with thick double coats.

Dogs from same ancestor include:

  • Eskimo
  • Chow Chow
  • Shar Pei
  • Siberian Husky

The Pomeranian is one of the smallest and less intimidating in the group. Although they are now a member of the toy group which host many little dogs their ancestry comes from the Spitz.

Much smaller in size today these dogs were bred as sled, guard, and livestock herding dogs. They were working dogs and the reduction in size went from 20 pounds to 3-7 pounds.

Boasting the personality of a much larger dog knowing their history is important for training them as their owner.


England was the first place to establish breed standards for the Pomeranian. It wasn’t until 1891 that breed standards for the appearance of the dog came into play.

American Kennel Club began recognizing Pomeranians in 1898. American Pomeranian Club was made shortly after in 1900 and these little dogs began to show up in dog shows.

APC is still the parent club according to the AKC and has been in that capacity with distinction.

Around this time Pomeranians were still bigger in size generally around 7 pounds and smaller. We want to note that this size wasn’t standard until the 1935 breed standard changes.

 As time progresses, we see that the size reduction happens simultaneously because they were bigger dogs in the past before coming to America and England.

An interesting feature of these dogs is that they look almost identical to how they were when they were first a member of their first dog show.

Germans were still calling them German Spitz up until the late 1960’s to early 1970’s.

Pomeranian Size

Male Weight 3-7 pounds

Female Weight 3-7 pounds

Male Height 6-7 inches

Female Height 6-7 inches

For dogs shows they generally want these dogs to be around 4 to 6 pounds. When they are larger it isn’t an automatic disqualification.

Pomeranian Life Span

12-16 years is the lifespan for the Pomeranian. That is a very long time for a dog to live especially towards the back end of the life cycle. 16 years with one dog is an amazingly long amount of time to spend with one dog.

That is one of the greatest parts of owing one of these dogs. The kids get to grow up with them and a huge chunk of your life will be spent with your companion.


All these colors and patterns are acceptable for a full blood Pomeranian.

  • Brindle
  • Parti – White base with solid colors
  • Extreme Piebald
  • Piebald – White base with patches on head, body, or tail.
  • Irish
  • Tan

These are all the colors that are going to be taken into consideration when at dog shows or when you are looking to buy a new companion. Make sure your dog has the right color.


Double coat is what this breed has so we must discuss both coats.

Undercoat – Their undercoat is very compact. Long in nature and generally hidden due to the long straight hair in the overcoat. This part of the body is pact and very dense in nature.

Outer coat – Is much longer and generally what most people think of when they think about the Pomeranian. The coat that is growing from the body extending in length.


The double coat and length of the Pomeranian should be kept on a tight schedule when it comes to grooming. For excellent coat health and to avoid any painful grooming processes take your dog to the groomer as often as possible.

If you want to groom your dog yourself make sure you get it done on a monthly basis. You will need to comb, brush, and shampoo the coat on a regular basis.

Make sure to brush and comb until you reach the skin. The style of comb should be a wide steel comb. Double side combs will work best with this coat. Prior to shampooing make sure you take the time comb the fur for any entanglement.

Use a brush that will be ideal for shedding. Pomeranian shed a lot of hair and it will be in your best interest to get a brush that will get the lose hair from the coat. For beginners check out Dog Grooming for Beginners.

For more information on grooming I would visit Pet Pom or check out their book Giant Book of Pomeranian Care.  

Breed Group

Toy Group is the group that this dog belongs. A far cry from their historical roots where they were herding dogs that did work around the acres of the owner.

The sled dog that would pull to get items from point a to point b.

It is even more astounding that they are in a classification that isn’t consistent with their guard dog protection status they once held.

Now this dog at 3-7 pounds, much lighter, has been reduced to a lap dog.

With these two extremes from the breed somehow, they collide at different times when looking at the dog’s personality and how they act much bigger than they are.

At times, owners report of this lap dog being very protective. They also report the dog needing a job around the house because the companionship label doesn’t fit all of them.

Some of these dogs still exhibit some of their ancestry. Make sure you are fully aware of what you are up against and give the dog a job around the house if they need one.

Here are some of the dogs in this group

Exercise Needs

High energy dog like a Pomeranian is going to be a victim like all small dogs of a low exercise requirement bias. Nothing will suggest they don’t need any exercise.

Walking to the mailbox isn’t exercise. Taking them to the bathroom is another activity that falls short of what they really need.

A young dog should get around an hour and a half to two hours per day for starters.

After monitoring the way, the dog responds there should be a few signs if they’re getting enough.

First sign is lower energy because of the outlet you are providing.

Next sign is little to no behavior problems. What I mean is that your dog isn’t biting, nipping, eating homework, or excessive barking around the house. Those are signs that they are not getting enough burn outside.

If the dog appears to be lower energy you can tell by these signs.

The dog is laying down with the head on the ground. Not breaking any rules. Purely a house dog that you hardly notice is in the house.

For this dog you want to get them out once a day for about an hour. When they get older in age you will see this kind of exercise program is most effective.


Known to be great companions that want to sit in your lap all day we would suggest you don’t fall for this trap. Take your 3 to 7 pounders very serious and train them like you would any dog of any size.

Ultimate Guide to Small Breed Training Tips

I show little dogs the same respect as big dogs and suggest that you do the same. They will develop the exact same problems at the end of the day that stem from the same lack of training.

  • Establish rules
  • Correct when rules are broken
  • Teach commands

Establishing rules will be up to you. You will have a set of rules you want the dog to follow. The best to make sure they follow them is to be consistent and disagree every time.

Time the correction so that you correct before the dog breaks the rules. Engaging in the correction during and after the activity is done is less and less effective. Prevention is the best correction for verbal corrections.

If a rule is broken and you still don’t correct you need to reconsider how you are training. If the dog breaks a rule and isn’t given a correction you are giving mixed signals. Often it makes the problem linger.

Teach your dog commands using the life rewards method. Sit before they use the bathroom, go outside, go for a walk, etc. You want to do the same with lay and use stay as much as possible.

Mix in treats and toys if the dog likes treats and toys. If your dogs aren’t a fan of treats or toys use life rewards that model is going to fit every dog.

Crate Training Made Simple

Potty Training 101 for Puppies

Health Issues

Pomeranian’s suffer from the following health conditions and they’re common for the breed.

  • Slipped Kneecap
  • Cataracts
  • Collapsing Trachea’s
  • Black Skin Disease
  • Seizures

Like most little dogs they are more prone to slipped kneecap or Luxating Patellas. Dislocation of the knee can cause pain for the dog. Most common sign is the dog lifting the leg during exercise due to the discomfort.

Cataracts develops at a young age so regular check ups should be able to make this condition obvious to a trained professional. Old age can make a contribution to the eye ball disease. Fortunately, this condition doesn’t bother the eye sight much for little dogs.

Collapsing Tracheas, you will notice your dog has a cough that sounds like they are choking. When a dog attempts to vomit that is a sign along with shortness of breath.

Black Skin Disease is like mange but has profound effects on the dog. The skin will turn black in certain areas and that will be the indication that your dog is suffering from black skin. Coat will thin and the itching will seem unbearable.

Seizures are something that nobody can pinpoint as far as the reason for having them. Whenever the dog is incoherent, twitching, chewing their tongue, or foaming with no food in sight they may be having a seizure.


Pomeranian’s are ranking 22th currently with the AKC. That shows how popular the small toy breed dog is in the United States of America.

Popular in the regions of Germany and Poland and were eventually given a name exclusively for the area.

Celebrities such as Paris Hilton, Sylvester Stallone, Nicole Richie, Osbourne Family, Hillary Duff, Gwen Stefani and many more have all taken pictures holding onto Pomeranians that they own.

Are there different types of Pomeranians

No! There is only one type of Pomeranian that is recognized by the American Kennel Club and other Kennel Clubs around the world. People call them teacup, but there isn’t a bigger version of the dog.

How Much do Pomeranian’s Cost

For a full blood Pomeranian, you are looking at paying anywhere from $1,000 to $5,000 for a high-quality breeder. You can find some deals around $500, but they will be more difficult to find.


Pomeranian’s come from and are named after the German and Poland area of Pomerania. They have gone from a 30-pound dog to seven pounds and under over the centuries.

First having registration around the late 1800’s given them a storied past with the AKC in America.

Life span is around 12-16 years. This breed lives a very long time in dog years.

Get this dog plenty of exercise and train them from day one.

Still very popular they remain a celebrity favorite and boast a very expensive price. Keep the Pomeranian at the top of you mind if you are looking for a house dog, companion, or lap dog in the future.