Pembroke Welsh Corgi 

Breed History

Corgi at the dog park

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are from Pembrokeshire, Wales. The short and stocky dog was a working dog that had a task on the property. They were herding sheep and are known as a great herding breed.

Swedish Cattle Dogs are where the Corgi could have gotten their shape and stature. Sturdy with short legs this small dog can pack 30 pounds on a small frame. Corgis come from Spitz dogs just like the Akita dog breed.

Mysterious history limits the amount of information we can give that is verified regarding their origins. We do know Vikings that came to Britain brought these dogs and spread them around.

British receiving this gift made this small dog one of royalty to for many decades almost approaching a century. One of the main reasons is that these dogs are small, cuddly, and they’re intelligent.

Smartest dog in the world list will feature the Corgi due to how smart and sharp they’ve been historically.

Improving their popularity by the year in the U.S. Corgi are popular not only in rural areas but in major cities that have many apartments. Flexibility to be a working dog and a house dog at the same time.


The first time they were recognized by a Kennel Club was in 1920. Not the latest addition to the party, but they were in the middle of the pack. Kennel Club in the United Kingdom was the first in the 1920’s and others did the same later in history.

Pembroke and Cardigan were both the same breed until 1934 when they split one breed into two. That makes sense because they are from the same common ancestor but were breed with different dogs to form their looks.

United States didn’t add them into their Kennel Club until 1936. They were split and that is a late entry for the AKC.

Here are the Kennel Clubs around the world that host the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

All the major kennels around the world recognize this breed.

Corgi Size

Male Weight: 25-31 pounds

Female Weight: 24-38 pounds

Male Height: 10-12 inches

Female Height: 9-10 inches

The males and females of this breed are almost the same size in weight and height.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Colors

There are five acceptable colors for the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

  • Red
  • Sable
  • Fawn
  • Tan
  • Black

The four areas that can be white are

  • Legs
  • Chest
  • Muzzle
  • Head

Different Types of Corgis

The two types of Corgis are the Pembroke and Cardigan Corgi. They have many similarities and there are some small differences in the way they look, and their history went into separate paths. It is hard to argue that these dogs weren’t breeding with each other for a long time in history because they were.

Youngest of the two types of Corgi is the Pembroke. As we wrote earlier the dogs were recognized by the Kennel Clubs as distinct from each other in the 1930’s but the breeds went down different paths in the 1800’s.

Cardigan Corgi is older dating around 1200 B.C.E. Pembroke are written in history around 1107 B.C.

Tails are different and Cardigan has a much longer tail.

Weight difference is big as well the Cardigan can be as much as 15 pounds heavier.

Ears of the Pembroke are longer and straight in comparison to more floppy ears of Cardigan.


This dwarf breed will cost you a pretty penny. They will cost you anywhere from $550-$2,000 from a breeder that has documentation (papers) of their bloodline.

Not the most expensive by any means, but not even close to the most expensive. The price you pay for the energy, working ability, and intelligence is priceless.


Double coat is the first thing that comes to mind with a Corgi. Length is of the coat is medium. Weather resistant undercoat with a course outer coat.

Coat can be straight or wavy and still be acceptable.

The breed doesn’t need to be groomed often.

Shedding is one of the things you must be ready for with this breed. They are known to shed almost daily at times and will leave dog hair everywhere for you to pick up.

Make sure you are brushing often to the skin. Comb as you see fit but you don’t need to comb all the time.

Washing whenever the dog is dirty is the same rule of thumb we always give or use a schedule.

Finally, trim nails and clean the ears.

We want people to exercise their dogs where the nails will trim naturally but that’s not going to be the case for everyone.

Life Span

10-12 years is the lifespan for a Pembroke Welsh Corgi. For a little dog breed that is not a long time in comparison to others. Their lifespan is more inline with a bigger breed dog.

Nonetheless a decade is still a very long time to own a dog before they pass away. Prepare for many vet trips, dog parks, walks, run, and ultimately old age.

Training and exercising your dog daily will make it the best 10-12 years you ever had with a dog. Hard work will absolutely pay off. Working smarter and harder is the model.

Health Issues

Obesity – is a condition where the dog is too heavy. That can cause a lot of other conditions to develop and ruin the health of the dog. Make sure your dog is weighing a proper amount given by the vet or at least the breed standards. Exercise can make your dog eat more while burning more calories. Make sure they don’t overeat. You may want to scale back on food while providing the same daily output for weight loss.

Multiple Eye Conditions – cataracts, cherry eyes, and retinal issues all affect the Corgi.

Von Willebrand Disease – whenever the blood doesn’t clot normal you will experience this condition.

Epilepsy – dogs can have seizures and will display weird behavior if they’re currently having one. Take your dog to the doctor if you suspect them of having a seizure.

Breed Group

This medium sized dog is a member of the herding group for their supreme intelligence and ability to herding other animals for their owners. Specializing in the ability to move sheep, for example, from one area to another without looking at them as prey.

Interesting that some of them may choose to bite the lower area of the legs of those who don’t move quick enough. That is known in the dog world as a correction and is effective.

The world is changing a lot since people were in need of a herding dog. Although the dogs aren’t in use for that reason, they have been adaptable to living in different environments.

The dogs that are in this great group of dogs include:

Coming from a great breed group they fit in perfectly because of the way humans were in need of their services.

Exercise Needs

Corgis need lots of exercise. We would recommend you exercise them twice per day. Not only do we think this is the right amount for any dog with high energy Pembroke Welsh Corgi website agrees with our program.

Any dog with high energy levels need to get out twice a day. Younger dogs need it and older dogs need it at least daily. Failure to use this guideline could result in jumping, nipping, excessive barking, and many more unfavorable behaviors.

Remember that commands are for tricks like sit or lay but exercise is for behavior. Changing behavior requires influencing the activity level to one that is acceptable by you and your family.

I personally like to exercise until there isn’t much energy left. I want them to get everything out while we run and walk outside using the house for resting and quiet time. Everybody is different! You may want them more excited.

Regardless here is what I would recommend for someone with this breed.

Two hours per day

Once in the morning

Once at night

1 hour run, walk, or treadmill

1 hour run, walk, or treadmill

When you are experiencing a lot of energy and bad behavior you want to run them more. Once a day can cause a significant difference and twice a day for extreme cases. I would start with 30-minute run and another 30-minute run.

If the energy is not that bad use the outline above and adjust according to the dog’s behavior. Good behavior means you keep the exercise the same or decrease.

Bad behavior means you increase right now.

Crate Training Made Simple


The first part of any training program is the exercise program. We want to train good calm behavior first and foremost. Once you have an exercise schedule and are sticking to it the next phase is commands.

There are many resources for teaching commands but only one thing really matters. Repetition. Start teaching these commands and have your dog do them a lot of times.

For example, make you dog sit before they eat, get water, go outside to use the bathroom, put the collar on, walk across a green light, go into the dog park, and many more.

Keep using these commands to teach them that something good is at the other end of listening. You don’t have to limit your training to just treats and petting them. Use life to train them as well.

Lastly, you need to be aware of how to discipline a dog. The key is to get the dogs attention. You only need to correct if you don’t have the dog’s attention.

All these in combination will make you a great dog owner. Any program that doesn’t have all these areas is going to fall short in multiple ways.

A good example is that you correct and teach commands but don’t exercise. The correction will be somewhat effective, and they will listen to commands.

Different example, you exercise and teach commands but don’t correct. That will have a calm dog that listens to commands, but you will be unable to get their attention if they see a cat or rabbit.

Makes it more difficult to walk them off leash and have complete control. You want to be able to have control over behavior, prey drive, and request commands on demand.

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Do Corgis make good pets?

Historically Corgis are known to be great pets. The reason is because of how smart they are. When you need to teach them something else, they catch on quick.

Social animals that will be able to blend in with the kids and other visiting family members and friends.

Other dogs in the backyard aren’t an issue either.

These are the main elements to look at regarding if a dog is good or bad.

Great with protecting the territory, kids, other animals, and quick to learn.

Additionally, you have a dog that is small enough to live in an apartment.

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You should take the time to learn about the commitment it will take to train a Corgi. Although they’re smart it will take an owner that is knowledgeable enough to apply hard work with intelligence.

There is so much to like about this breed and not much to complain about.

Remember it is all about exercise, commands, and discipline at the end of the day.

Have a game plan for all three and watch how many compliments you get on your Corgi!