Breed History

pekingese looking away

Pekingese is a toy size lap dog with a sturdy build that looks like a tiny lion and that was a nickname from the Chinese people who own them. Long fur from head to toe with one of the fluffiest coats in the dog community.

China was using these dogs to guard their properties and goods. Small but tough they were alert enough serve as an internal alarm when intruders or animals were present.

Name comes from Peking better known as Beijing that location is in Western China. Like a lot of dogs, they receive their name from their geographic location.

Unknown origins but many historians believe that the starting date is before the common era.

Part of a historical myth claiming that two different species, that aren’t dogs, made a small lion and it was birth a dog. All folk tales but it is a part of this dog’s legend.

Ancient royal families were known to have these dogs. Matching the Pekingese coats with their outfits were a regular occurrence. Something that the working class was unable to do at the time.

Two different coat types, rough and smooth, produce a lot of different breeds over the years. Different dogs would emerge like Japanese Chins, Tibetan Spaniels, Shih Tzu and Pugs.

19th century they left Chinese luxury and would land with Queen Victoria from England and that began their worldwide exposure. 20th century they came as imports to America.


Recognition in 1906 from the American Kennel Club and the Pekingese Club of America was formed in 1909 shortly after. Some of the first dogs to receive recognition and given their ancient timeline in history they should be one of the first.

Toy or companion dog in any of the major Kennel Clubs is frequent. No other category is known unless it is specific to Spaniel type dogs which is in use for International Kennel Clubs.

Here are the Kennel Clubs that show recognition


Male Height: 6-9 inches

Female Height: 6-9 inches

Male Weight: 14 pounds

Female Weight: 14 pounds

Both genders are the same size and it is hard to tell the difference between a male and a female.

Litter Size

3 dogs are the average litter size. The reason for this is because little dogs carry little litters most of the time. The same is true for bigger dogs they hold bigger litters on average.

C-section is a common practice with this breed and mothers have a tough issue delivering the puppies often. This raises the price of the puppies for several reasons.

Cost of the c-section can become costly. Secondly, the owner must care for the puppies while the mother is recovering, and the labor can be an intense. Owners want compensation for their time and effort with this dog.


  • Biscuit
  • Black
  • Black and Tan
  • Cream
  • Fawn
  • Gray
  • Red
  • Sable (fawn and red)
  • White
  • Markings: Black mask, Parti-color, and white markings


$2,000-$4,000 is the price for a dog with papers but it does depend on multiple factors. For example, the dog can be worth more if it comes from a show dog champion line. Although your area, region, currency exchange, and other factors can adjust the price.

Dogs without papers are going to be much cheaper and the documentation will not exist.  Showing the Kennel Clubs and different places the dog comes from and the different lines the dog comes from is with the paperwork. Not having papers will not give you any information.


  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

Brushing this dog will need to happen multiple times per week. Long coats will need constant maintenance and dog owners should be aware of the commitment they need to take.

Combing will need to happen to prevent matting and tangles which is a painful event. Avoiding this should happen at all cost and should be a part of a weekly routine.

Bathing the dog is something the owner should decide on their own terms. If time is an issue you may want to do it on a schedule like once a month or twice a month. Others will choose to do when dirty.

Ears should be clean at least when you bathe them to avoid infections on a regular basis. Being in a desert climate will be the worst for these types of infection due to the high levels of dirt.

Nails can be trim in one or two ways. Naturally by exercising the dog and it will be trimming the same way it would without humans. We recommend exercising the dog daily. You can use dog clippers if not.

Professional help is a strong recommendation and find out from a groomer how often you need to get the grooming sessions for this breed.

Life Span

12-14 years is a long time and above average lifespan for dogs. You should prepare to keep the dog for the duration of their life and adjust properly.

Health Issues

Heart Problems – heart murmurs and different issues can arise with this dog breed. Getting the heart examination should be done as a precaution with the Pekingese. Owners who take the time and money to get these exams done will be aware of health conditions early in their life.

Breathing Issues – short noses are prone to breathing disorders and can accelerate during the dog’s life. Keeping your annual checkups, you will have a licensed vet listen to the breathing for any irregular breathing patterns.

Eye Exams – eyes are a big issue with little dogs. Situations like excessive tears, cherry eye, glaucoma, and other issues can arise and progress. Going blind is a strong possibility.

No recommendations from their Kennel Club is given but there are precautionary steps you should take to ensure the health of your dog.

Breed Group

Proud member of the Toy Group and is one of the oldest breeds and oldest members of the group. Popular all over the world this group is known to be in the most elite groups of society.

Most of the dogs in this list were given away as gifts and weren’t sold for centuries after their breed standard was in place. Small but huge on personality these dogs are some of the most flexible on Earth.

Here are some of the dogs that make up the group

Exercise Needs

All dogs need exercise and that’s going to change from dog to dog, even within the same breed. Low activity levels are going to dominant the headlines of how much exercise the dog needs.

A lot of that information comes from people or trainers who never exercise dogs and are throwing out random amounts of exercise. Unfortunately, those numbers are always too low showing a lack of knowledge.

Honest answer is that nobody knows how much exercise the dog needs except for the dog and you can tell through the behavior.

Bad behavior is an indication that you are not close to fulfilling the dogs exercise needs. When there is a continuous effort by the dog to be destructive around the house you are failing to provide the proper training the dog needs. Digging, barking excessive, whining, and not listening are some of the obvious signs they need to go out right now.

Good behavior is an indication that the dog is either getting great amounts of exercise or is very old. When a younger dog is getting their right amount of exercise you will be preparing them for a long life inside of the house.

Here are a few recommendations as a general outline but the behavior will guide you to increase or decrease from there.

Morning: Hour (run, walk or treadmill)

Evening: 30 minutes (run, walk or treadmill)

Young dogs need more runs, adult dogs need more walks and some runs, and senior dogs need almost no runs and all walks. These are on the basis that you are exercising according to behavior their whole lives.

When you don’t exercise a dog until 4 years old, they will need more exercise than one that has gotten a lot of exercise in their youth.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Exercising does a great deal of groundwork when building the foundation of the program. When you need to groom, take to the vet, dog park, stop bad behavior, lower excitement, and many other things are all taking care of with daily exercise. There is nothing you can do to get your dog to listen to you for one to two hours per day except for exercise. Any training program that doesn’t give you this gift is going to fail you on multiple levels for multiple reasons. You’re going to spend most of your time in this area.

Commands are a big part of a novice program but lack the discipline to make the dog behave. They will sit, stay and lay while still having terrible behavior overall. Owners should be aware to obsess over the exercise portion and not this portion.

Socializing will show the reflection of how much exercise and how often you choose to socialize. Even the most exercised dog will socialize in a weird manner if they’re not around their own kind often enough. That may be an additional dog at the house or taking them to the dog park weekly.

Corrections are simple and are going to be in use to get the dogs attention. And that it! Understanding that you need make them sit or lay down after every correction is another rule that should never be broken. Coming from the hand, leash, or verbal should all have the same mission. Yelling and screaming does nothing at all!

Are Pekingese a Good Pet?

Not very active dogs make great pets especially for inside the home. The family, kids, and existing dogs in the home all integrate with each other easily.

The only problem this dog will have is who is the owner. Taking the large mission to exercise them daily, train commands, and correct the dog when necessary will do a great service to your pet.

Any dog can be good, but the owner makes the decision to take the bull by the horns or let the dog figure it out. Most people will blame the dog, but remember the dog is always exercising in their natural habitat.

Additional Resources