Papillon Dog 

Breed History

Papillion dog training

Papillon is the oldest of the Toy Spaniels from Spain, France, and other European countries. Papillon means butterfly or moth in the French language. The other names they are known for having is the Dwarf Spaniel and Squirrel Dog.

History of being seen on paintings as early as the 1500’s in every country in Europe. In appearance the ears are erect and round at the top. Originally the ears have been floppy throughout history and in art work. During the 1800’s you see the ears become erect.

Boasting a long single coat, it is difficult to miss the beautiful little lap dog. Hair is abundant in the chest, tail, bottom of the stomach, and on the facial area.

Royalty and the elites of society would own this dog on a regular basis. During this time most people had dogs to serve a need or purpose of the human population. The Papillon has always been a lap dog that didn’t have a job to do like other dogs.

In America, they came and got recognition around the 1930’s but were here for a decade before.


In the year 1935 they got their recognition from the AKC. The Papillon is one of the dogs that has respect from all major Kennel Clubs around the world. Worldwide popularity in many different countries has the Papillon as a top 50 dog in registration.

Here are the Kennel Clubs that recognize this breed.


Male Weight: 8 to 10 pounds

Female Weight: 7 to 8 pounds

Male Height: 8 to 11 inches

Female Height: 8 to 11 inches

Any dog that is over 11 inches will be too tall for this breed.

Litter Size

Litter sizes are very small around 2 to 3 puppies like most small dog breeds.



  • Parti-color
  • White


  • White on the ears, back and front
  • Dog can’t be all white or not have any white on the body.

Papillon Dog Price

You will be paying anywhere from $1,000 to $3,000. Getting a dog with documentation of the bloodline and quality assurance is going to cost more than if you don’t have papers.

Varying prices are a result of an owner not having any papers. You will need both parents to have papers in order to get them with a reputable Kennel Club. Expect to pay anywhere from $300 to $600 for a Papillon without any papers.

It is more expensive for these dogs because of the birth process for the owners of the dogs. They have c-sections for the moms and during the recovery the breeders must be very proactive in caring for the puppies.

Looking at the combination of the c-section price and the free labor caring for the puppies until the mother is healthy enough to takeover. Premium will be applied to these litters due to the circumstances.


  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

Brush the coat multiple times per week and brush all the way from the skin until the other part of the coat. This breed doesn’t have a double coat just a longer outer coat.

Combing is important because of the length of the dog’s fur. Comb from the skin until you have combed it all the way out to avoid tangles of the coat.

Bathe the dog as they get dirty or have an odor. You can use that method or do it on schedule like once every two weeks to keep their grooming up to par.

Ear infections are real in the canine community. Make sure you clean the ears of dirt and you will avoid the dog having multiple ears infections every year.

Nails will trim naturally during the walks and runs on the exercise program. If you don’t think you will be exercising them, which we don’t recommend, you will need to trim the nails when they get too long.

Although they don’t have a very difficult coat to manage you might want to get some professional help if you don’t see yourself putting in the time or the effort to groom the dog.

Life Span

Papillon’s live until they’re 13-15 years of age. Having a dog for that long will become a huge part of your life filled with many memories. Prepare to have your dog for this long and you will make the commitment to go from puppy, adult, senior and finally passing away.

Health Issues

Very small dogs, especially puppies, can find themselves getting hurt if they fall out of your hands or if they tumble down a staircase. Show caution when the dog is little and protect them from silly mishaps.

That can cause a long history of vet trips and visits for the little dog. Tough and rough around the edges when they get older make sure you are looking after them at a young age.

Here are the health issues they normally have

Kneecaps – are a big problem with little dogs. They will slip or dislocate completely causing pain for the little dog and may require surgery. Limping or walking with discomfort can be a sign that they have the condition.

Epilepsy – seizures affect dogs of all sizes and ages. Causes are unknown and many believe that it is inherited from the parents and given to the children at birth.

Heart Issues – After a few years on the all meat dog food diet they will start to have heart problems. Take them to the vet and get annual checkups every year.

Eye problems – affects little dog all the time. Be on the lookout for cherry eye, glaucoma, and cataracts as it will affect the dog at one point or another. Cherry eye doesn’t bother the vision but the other two can cause blindness over time.

Breed Group

Proud member of the Toy Group that is small in weight but huge in personality. These little guys and girls are very popular and are seeing their popularity explode more.

People are living in apartments more and there are more apartments being built in different areas. Toy breed dogs are a great addition to the family and acceptable by property managers and landlords.

Here are the dogs that are in the Toy Group

Exercise Needs

Dogs that are small are always victims of people thinking they don’t need any exercise. Papillons need a lot of exercise for physical and mental stability. High energy dog that needs to get daily exercise to satisfy their needs.

Reasons for a daily outlet are purely a part of mother nature. Look at any documentary with various four-legged animals. They could be lions, wolves, or dogs and the pack always gets up walking and running every single day.

Make no mistake about dogs of any breeds this will never be apart of them that changes. Humans need a daily outlet as well.

Here is what we recommend for this dog regarding exercise

Morning: Hour of running, walking, or treadmill

Evening: Hour of running walk or treadmill

The more energetic and misbehavior the dog displays you want to lean towards more running. When the dog is fully listening and calm all the dog you can slow down on the running and implement more walking and treadmill.

When dogs are behaving correctly, we reward them and ourselves with days off and less exercise. Taking the time to scale back will depend on how the dog is acting.

Although we need to do it daily don’t feel bad about missing days if the dog is acting right. When you miss days and the dog is jumping out of their skin then you should feel bad.

Whenever you miss out on this part of the dog training you miss out on training the dog. Build the bond and channel your dogs’ energy in a natural way that they would do themselves.


Training consists of focusing on four different areas as a basic guideline regarding how train a dog to behavior and follow commands. Those areas are the following

  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Exercise program is going to be first and the most important part of any training program. Contrary to belief this is the one area that makes everything else easier or not important. Understanding that bad behavior will most likely come from a lack of exercise and correcting it will happen when you increase exercise is key to training any dog.

Commands are good for any dog owner and getting the right amount of repetition is key. Learning that the dog is learning from your body language first and voice second is key. The next area that you need to make improvements in is using life rewards. For example, you need to sit before you eat, go on a walk, use the bathroom, or go outside.

Socialization is going to happen when you exercise the dog first and then bring them to the dog park. When you exercise them with other dogs and humans you will see them socializing much better. Take them to the park after exercise and let them relax while in the presence of dogs, cats, and other people.

Corrections are an activity that dogs use without our intervention. You will need to understand the intensity and follow through. Only correct strong enough to stop the behavior. Most of the times that will be verbal or a light leash correction. After you correct make the dog sit or lay.

Is a Papillon a Good Pet?

A great pet that can get along with visitors, family members and children.

An energetic dog for dog owners that like to walk and run to stay healthy and in shape. Having a battle buddy with you out on the trial is a great bonding and training experience for you and the dog.

Trainable and are excellent lap dogs that will protect the territory as much as they can.

Do Papillon’s shed a lot?

No. They don’t shed a lot. Animals with a double coat tend to shed a lot two times per year. Since the Papillon only has a long single coat it is not going to shed a lot of hair year around.

This is another reason that makes them excellent house dogs.