Miniature Pinscher

Breed History

Miniature Pinscher Puppy

Miniature Pinscher is a toy size and long-legged dog that is alert and energetic. Personality of this dog is larger than life and it is easy to tell the dog doesn’t think its little at all. Carry themselves like they’re big powerful dogs.

They go by the name Min Pin, little bitter in Germany, and are known as the king of the toy dogs. Most of the names that are given to this dog is a description of some kind.

They are not Miniature Doberman Pinschers. Many people think they’re because of their arrival to the states after the bigger Doberman Pinscher that looks similar in features and coat color. The two dogs are not the same and either is a miniature or larger version of the other one.

Just like the Doberman they come from the German Standard Pinscher. German Standard Pinscher is responsible for a lot of other dogs in the Pinscher family. Pinscher is a word that describes the dogs working duty not the breed of dog.

Coming from Germany this breed is recent making its entry into world history in the 19th century. There is documentation from any centuries ago but the only documents that we don’t have to guess or draw conclusions about are a few hundred years old.

Like the Terrier breeds this dog was bred to work on a farm as a ratter. Once farming became more large scale and commercial these dogs lost their jobs and roles in that environment.

Still a popular breed in many countries you will see that they are now lap dogs with an abundance of energy. Great family dogs that can live in apartments or house and kids adore these beautiful Pinschers.


Came to America in the 20th century and got recognition in 1925 as a Pinscher. 1930 they became a Miniature Pinscher and have been this name ever since.

Any major Kennel Club around the world will classify them as a Toy or Companion Group dog.

Top 70 in popularity in America they are still more popular than most of the dogs in the country.

Here are the Major Kennel Clubs who show recognition and track their bloodline.


Male Height: 10-12.5 inches

Female Height: 10-11 inches

Male Weight: 8-10 pounds

Female Weight: 8-9 pounds

Males and females are around the same size with this breed.

Litter Size

4 to 5 puppies are the normal litter size sometimes plus or minus one. Breeders should be ready to take care of all these puppies just in case of an emergency.

At times a c-section will be needed so make sure you check with your local vet to make sure the dog can deliver without any assistance.


Doberman Pinscher – one of the largest Pinschers and were breed with bigger dogs to get that size.

German Pinscher – original Pinschers and this is where all the other dogs got their looks from in the family.

Miniature Pinscher – is its own separate breed with ties to the German Pinscher just like the Doberman. Different dogs were bred to get this size and is not the results of picking small dogs from each litter.

Affenpinscher – very small and furry Pinscher.


  • Black and Rust
  • Black and Tan
  • Chocolate and Rust
  • Chocolate and Tan
  • Red
  • Stage Red
  • Blue
  • White Markings

Miniature Pinscher Price

$2,000-$5,000 are the average price you can expect to pay for this dog. Prices vary depending on location, supply, demand, bloodline, and other factors.

Miniature Pinschers with papers are going to cost much more than a dog without papers. Upwards of a thousand dollar should be what you expect to pay on average.

Without papers you can expect a lower quality dog and less money as a result. You will not know the bloodline or the Kennel Clubs that the dog comes from.


Smooth single coat that is easy to groom and some dog owns choose to do nothing at all.

  1. Brushing
  2. Bathing
  3. Ears
  4. Nails
  5. Professional Help

Brushing the coat is one of the easiest and quickest activities you can do to keep the coat in mint condition. At least one time per week and the dogs coat will be just fine.

Bathe the dog as you see fit, but owners normally choose one of two options. People bathe them on schedule like the first of every month or they do it when they are dirty. Choice is yours.

Ears should get a wipe down at least once per week to avoid infections in the ear. Vet bills will get expensive once that become reoccurring and this bill avoidable.

Nails should be trim while exercising the dog daily, which we recommend. If you don’t exercise, which we don’t recommend, you will need some nail clippers.

Professional help is not a recommendation for this breed.

Miniature Pinscher Life Span

12-14 years is the average lifespan for a dog. That is a long to own, feed, take care of, and feed one dog. Owners should know the decade plus commitment once the dog is in their possession. Adoption for this dog should be attractive as well because you can get one at 4 years old and still own them for a long time. Other breeds will only have four years left to live in comparison.

Health Issues

Thyroid – getting the Thyroid check is one of the important tests you need to take for the dog. When they suffer from these issues you will notice a bigger appetite, excessive weight gain, or loss of hair.

Cardiac – heart problem is something their Kennel Club suggest you take this seriously. Different problems can arise from dogs eating a kibble diet and there is cause for concern. Check with your vet for the age the dog should take the cardiac examination.

Eye Exam – little dogs suffer from several eye problems like cherry eye, glaucoma, cataracts, and other conditions. Some are not life altering while other will progress into partial or complete blindness.

Patella Luxation – smaller dogs will experience kneecap issues. Limping or favoring the kneecap should result in an immediate vet visit for x-rays. Sometimes the kneecap is partially off or completely off.

DNA Test – genetic diseases should be done for regular diseases that appear in this dog.

Breed Group

Proud member of the Toy group. Toy group are small lap dogs that really don’t have many job titles in their profile. Being pets to people that are elite, government officials, presidents, and monks.

Super popular in major cities that are full of apartment buildings because they are not going to destroy the property and owners are fonder of smaller pets.

Here are some of the dogs in this breed group

Exercise Needs

Small dogs are victims of people giving out false information about their exercise needs. Sadly, people are giving you their opinion and one that will hurt your household if you listen.

Little dogs need a lot of exercise just like bigger dogs, but there is a way to find out this information that is specific to each dog. All you must do is look at the dog’s behavior as a measuring stick.

When the dog is behaving in a fashion less than ideal you need to increase the exercise. Meaning if the dog is barking excessively, digging, biting, nipping, running away, getting out the yard, and many more bad behaviors start exercising them every single day to get the behavior under control.

Once you start to exercise daily at least once check the behavior again. If the dog is persisting on being bad, then you are falling short of meeting their exercise needs and must increase more. Sometimes a second session will do the trick or running daily.

Here is what we recommend as a basic exercise program

Morning: Hour (run, walk, or treadmill)

Evening: 30mintues (run, walk, or treadmill)

For immediate results you can give two 30-minute runs. Once the dog starts improving one run with one walk can do the trick. You will constantly be adjusting their workload their entire life.

As the dog ages the exercise requirements will change dramatically. Adults will show you a change in energy levels and less run will be needed. Seniors dogs will never need a run and a short walk around the corner will be all they can handle.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Every home is built on a solid foundation and a real exercise program is the most solid program you can have for your dog. Changing your exercise requirements from never to daily will have a big impact on your dog and you will be rewarded in the future. Crate training, potty training, dog parks, vet visits, or trips in the car all will be better right away. Lower their energy levels daily is the best way to change the dog’s behavior. You will spend most of your time in this area.

Commands are a less time-consuming activity. Remember teaching the dog to sit will not teach them how to behave, only exercise will assist with this. Repetition is the best way to look at commands. Having the dog do these basic commands as many times as they need to master them. Performing these commands on demand can happen within a few days.

Socializing the dog will be done with friends and family. If you don’t have a dog, then going to the dog park will help the dog meet other dogs and socialize with their own kind. Make sure you are removing all the energy from the dog before you go to the park.

Correcting the dog will help with behavior problems in conjunction with exercise. Timing is always off with people who are learning to correct the dog. Prevention is the best way or before the dog does something is the best time to correct. Catching the dog in the act is better than nothing but you will not communicate like dogs do. For example, a dog growls before you get to the bowl not when you are eating out of it. Does that make perfect sense?

Is the Miniature Pinscher a Good Family Dog?

Yes, they’re great with kids, family members, and other dogs. The only thing this dog needs is a great owner that will take time with them daily to exercise and train them properly.

Additional Resources