Finnish Spitz

Breed History

Finnish Spitz is a medium size dog that looks like a fox in appearance. Known as a huge barker with a fearless personality as well as how athletic they are.  

Hunters by nature they come from Russians, most likely, who took their Spitz dogs when they went into Finland. From there they would become popular for multiple use in this area.

Ancient breed with their history spanning at least three thousand years ago dating their first documentation in 1,000 B.C. from Russians who would settle on what is now Finland.  

Remains in the area show similar type of Spitz dogs around the same size dating around 5,000 B.C. Modern day Spitz dog that we see today would undergo crossbreeding in the 1880’s due to low numbers.

Soon Finland, which wasn’t Finland when they got there, would be where they came from later in history. Whenever a dog becomes popular or the breed standard is built or has modifications in one area, they can possibly get the name of the area.  

When they came to this area the dogs, they had with them were the Finnish Spitz. Jobs they had were mostly multiple purpose hunting with barking being one of their strong suits.

Strong nose is another ability they possess while still showing strong signs of treeing breeds with a loud bark. Although their bread and butter would be squirrels and small rodents.

Packs of Finnish Spitz could hunt down bigger animals such as bears and win the altercation. National dog of Finland since the late 1970’s they have won over the country with their hunting contributions.


In 1991, they would receive recognition from the American Kennel Club. Being in the eastern part of the world it took them a while before they would come over to America and receive recognition.

Top 180 in popularity they still enjoy low levels of popularity and remain rarer here than in their homeland. Hunting dogs are less useful due to humans not needing it for survival only recreational purposes.

Non-Sporting Group is the group that they are in with the AKC, but every other group puts them in the hound group. In my opinion this is where they belong due to their extensive hunting background.

Here are the major kennel clubs and their breed standards for this breed.


Male Height: 17-20 inches

Female Height: 15-18 inches

Male Weight: 25-35 pounds

Female Weight: 20-30 pounds

Litter Size

5 puppies are the average litter size for the Finnish Spitz. Breeders should be aware of how many puppies to expect to take care of for at least eight weeks, which is the best practice. Mothers don’t have any issues delivering and can do it without help from humans or procedures.


  • Red
  • Gold
  • Red and Gold
  • White Markings


$500-$1,000 is the average price of a Finnish Spitz. Prices vary depending on location, currency, supply, demand, and other factors that can change price.

Dogs with papers are going to cost more than dogs without papers. Registration ensures that the breed standard is held with strict adherence and the dogs are the highest quality.

Showing a direct connection from Finland until they reach whatever kennel club is in control where you buy from.

Without papers means that one, or both parents, were unable to get paperwork. Crossbreeding after the breed standard was established is the biggest reason in most cases.


Taking the dog on a long run or walk before starting the grooming process is the best way to begin or to continue the way you groom. Whether taking them to a professional or doing it yourself you want to tire and exhaust the dog prior. Use a leash to communicate where you want them to stand calmly.

  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

Brushing the coat at least once per week is the best practice. Having short double coat makes them less maintenance than some dogs but still more than most.

Comb the coat at least once per week as well. Short coats still need a comb through on a regular basis and make sure you find a tool that can reach the skin. Different combs and brushes should be in use during shedding season.

Bathe the dog once a month or every six weeks at the most. After a long walk or run the dog will invite and enjoy the experience much better.

Ears should be clean once a week to avoid infection. Prevention is the best medicine and keeping dirt from the area will help the most.

Trimming the nails should happen during exercise which we recommend. If you don’t exercise the dog, which we don’t recommend, cut them with clippers or take them to a professional.

Professional groomers are not a recommendation for this breed.

Life Span

12-15 years is the average lifespan for a Finnish Spitz. That’s a long time for a dog to live and owners should be aware of the time commitment they are making when choosing this breed. Excellent choice for adoption due to their long lifespan.

Health Issues

Generally healthy breed and their kennel club doesn’t recommend many health test due to the history of not developing any issues. Here are the few issues that they do recommend you check.

Hip Dysplasia – getting an examination at the 24-month mark is the perfect age unless you experience the dog having issues beforehand. Those issues can be limping, favoring, or not wanting to engage in a lot of exercise. Once you notice this is the case take them to get an x-ray right away.

Eye Exam – cherry eye, cataracts, and glaucoma are the normal issues that will affect the dog. Mostly in their older age. Get an exam when they are 24 months and once a year after that. New issues can arise up until they are 7 to 8 years of age but if nothing has developed at this point then it probably wont.

Breed Group

Non-Sporting Group is a miscellaneous group of dogs that have nothing in common. You have all kind of sizes, no common activities, or any other situation grouping them together.

What they have in common the most is that they don’t fit in directly into any other group. Although with the Finnish Spitz they are clearly a dog that should be in the hound group.

Here are some of the most popular dogs in the Non-Sporting Group

Exercise Needs

Finnish Spitz needs a lot of exercise and they need it every single day. Owners are always going to ask the question of how much exercise, and I will teach you how to know the difference between enough and not enough.

Walking to the mailbox, putting them in the backyard, or taking them to the bathroom is exercise to some folks but it isn’t going to be enough.

Make sure you analyze how much excitement the dog displays and that will tell you if they are not getting enough exercise. Jumping and too much energy is the first step to increase walks and runs.

Next, is the dog digging, barking excessively, biting, nipping and other behaviors? If they’re you will now that it is time to increase their daily requirements.

Here is a basic guidelines I would give a client.

Morning: Hour (run, walk or treadmill)

Evening: 30 mins (run, walk or treadmill)

Younger dogs will need to get the most runs and multiple day sessions to keep them calm. At the same time, you will have to teach basic commands and get a responsive no command from the dog.

Adult dogs, around three years old, will go into a stage of one session per day and autopilot with training. Be aware, every dog is different, but most energy levels will decline at three.

Senior dogs need much less exercise and they will need a walk around the block once every other day. Looking at the dog’s behavior is going to be the best guide.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Every training program should be built on a solid foundation and no foundation is more solid than daily exercise. Humans and dogs need a lot of exercise to act normal and calm at the same time. If you want to change the way the dog behaves take them out on a run or walk daily for at least one hour and see that will make an impact. 365 hours of exercise per year will add up over time. If you need quicker results you can add another 30 minutes later in the evening or another hour. 730 hours of exercise, two hours per day, will make a large difference.

Commands training is important, and it is second on the list. Repetition is the best way to teach the dog. Doing commands in the house, backyard, and at the park will be of great use to show the dog to do commands in different settings.

Socialize the dog after a long run or walk. Before vet visits, parks, dog parks, car rides or any setting exhaust the dog before and get them calm first. After you use this you will never leave home before getting the dog exercise. As time progresses you will notice the dog gets calm by just going out.

Correct the dog verbally, on or off leash. Timing is the biggest thing you need to master. Prevention of the entire event is the perfect time. During and after will not teach the dog to listen you need to correct BEFORE the bad behavior takes place. Making the dog sit or lay is the best thing to do after. Mother dogs do this all the time when correcting puppies.

Are Finnish Spitz Easy to Train?

Yes, every dog is easy to train but it takes hard work. If you consider walking, running and training the dog easy then you are the same as me. On the other hand if you think that walks, runs, and training is hard work then they wont be easy to train for you.

Additional Resources