Dachshund

Breed History

Long Hair Dachshund

Germany is a place that the Dachshund possibly has origins but is absolutely the place where the breed was refined. They are hunting dogs for little animals like rabbits and were in use in packs at times to hunt wild boar.

Dachshund is a German word for “badger dog” and was given because of their ability to stick their long nose inside of holes to catch animals. Germans were the first place to keep documentation of the breed in their history. They are known as badger, sausage, or wiener dog depending on where you’re from.

In America since the 1800’s, but there has been little to no changes in their breed standards since it was first made in 1840. During early 1910’s the Dachshund was one of the most popular dogs in America.

Short, sturdy, and powerful in nature they are superior in their hunting and sniffing abilities. Like most breeds they were bigger previously and have smaller versions of themselves.

The bigger Dachshund hunted bigger animals like wild boar and the smaller ones went after foxes and other smaller prey. As humans began to raise animals and then slaughter them that left the Dachshund with no job and became a pet instead of a hunting dog.

Becoming a favorite of elite people in society the breeds popularity grew more and more as a pet. Gradually as time passes the smaller versions of the dog are bred. They have miniature and standard sizes of the breed.

They still maintain some of the same characteristics as being fearless and having a strong prey drive. 15 plus locations hold races where they see Dachshunds race each other.

Registration

1885 was the year the AKC official recognizes the Dachshund as a breed. They are one of the first 15 dogs to join the AKC which host 193 dogs.

Half of all the major cities in America see the Dachshund coming into the top 10 as a house pet. Apartment communities use this dog as well as rural areas so the Dachshunds popularity will continue for a long time.

Here is the list of Kennel Clubs around the world that register this dog.

There are different variations of this breed. Long, smooth, and wire hair will have different breed standards depending on the Kennel Club. Other than the coat and size all the breeds are identical to each other in other aspects.

Size

Male Weight: 16-33 pounds

Female Weight: 16-33 pounds

Male Height: 9-10 inches

Female Height: 9-10 inches

Miniature Weight: 7 pounds

Miniature Height: 5 or 6 inches

The males and females are around the same height, but the height will differ slightly.

Colors

Solid Colors

  • Red
  • Cream
  • Little white on chest is not desirable

Two Colors with tan or cream markings

  • Black
  • Chocolate
  • Wild Boar
  • Gray
  • Fawn
  • Brindle
  • Piebald
  • Sable

Different Types of Dachshunds

Standard Dachshund – biggest version of the breed currently

Miniature Dachshund – small version

Smooth Dachshund – short and shiny coat

Wired-hair Dachshund – Rough outer coat

Long-hair Dachshund – straight and wavy coat

Whether standard or miniature you will see different coat types. The different coats are a result of mix breeding with other dogs that have those coat features.

Price

You can expect a reputable breeder to charge anywhere from $1,500 to $6,000 for a dog with papers which document the bloodline over several generations.

Dogs without papers can’t prove that they are not mix bred with other dogs within the bloodline and they are sold much cheaper due to the risk the new owners is taking.

You can pay around $250-$500 for Dachshunds without papers.

Grooming

Depending on the type of dog you have you can possibly have different coats to service. We will give an overall summary of what you should do to keep up with the dogs grooming.

  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bath
  4. Eyes
  5. Nails
  6. Ears Teeth
  7. Professional Help

Brush the coat to the skin at least a few times per week. There is no need to brush daily with this breed.

Combing should be done a few times a week. If dealing with the longer hair version, you will need to take combing more seriously than the short coat that doesn’t need it at all.

Bath the dog of any coat type as you see fit. You should bath them when dirty or whenever you have it on your schedule to do it at a certain time of the month.

Keep the eyes clean of debris and wipe tears to prevent any health issues that can arise. Smaller dogs have issues with their eyes a lot.

Trim nails if you’re not exercising the dog often. Getting the dog daily exercise is a requirement and meeting that primal need will naturally shave the nails down. If not trim them.

Dog Grooming for Beginners

Life Span

12-15 years is the lifespan of a Dachshund. That is a very long time to own a dog so prepare to have them for a lengthy time. The upper end of the lifespan can cause a child to become an adult with the same dog.

Health Issues

Bloat – is a condition where the stomach expands and interrupts other parts of the body like the arties and veins. Dogs are dying from this condition all the time and is one of the main killers.

Epilepsy – dogs have seizures and the Dachshunds are one of the many dogs that inherit this condition from older generations. If you see symptoms of a seizure that the dog to the vet.

Eye Issues – cataracts, cherry eye, and glaucoma are all conditions that will affect this breed. Address issues early in the dog’s life and constantly take them to the vet for their checkups on time.

Back Issues – because of the long spine you will see dogs with this body shape develop back problems with the disc in the spine. Physical limitations will be something you see when they are suffering from back pain.

Obesity – little dogs will have a hard time gaining weight and looking trim. The first thing the Dachshunds start to do is get wide and eventually will struggle with obesity. Exercise will assist but also make them hungry. Make sure you don’t feed too much, and you will keep the weight down.

Ear Infections – long floppy ears will accumulate dirt and cause ear infections. Clean the ears on a regular basis to keep them from getting an infection in the future. The cost will start to add up.

Breed Group

Dachshund is a member of the hound group. This group is exclusively known for hunting down prey of all sizes and contributing to humans getting food from the wild.

Now humans raise the same animals they look to kill so the job of the hound dogs have been useless. You will see them participating in races, agility courses, and other hunting games.

These are the dogs that make up the hound group

Exercise Needs

All dogs need exercise and they all need it daily. Do you know what your dog would be doing with you? Walking and running around the earth. Look at any documentary on wild animals with four legs they all walk and run all day long.

That can be a lion, wolf, or pack of wild dogs. To keep the dog mental stable and maintaining a balance you need to exercise them every single day that you possible can.

Here is what we recommend you do daily

Morning: Run, walk, or treadmill for 30 minutes to an hour

Evening: Run, walk, or treadmill for 30 minutes to an hour

The exercise method is simple but not easy to execute. One principle you should remember is that the behavior will determine how much exercise you give them.

Really high energy and constant bad behavior will get pounded with exercise in comparison to low energy and good behavior. At times the first type of dog will turn into the latter with a good owner that stays consistent.

Legitimate tools to help you can include a swimming pool or dog backpack to add more exhaustion to the process. Sometimes you will need these when you are shorter on time and need a good workout for the day.

First part of training your dog is right here in this section. Your dog will listen to you for hours everyday working out and it will be the most effective activity transfer into commands and discipline.

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Training

You’ll want to fully integrate the last section before thinking about training a dog. When you try to train a dog that is bursting with energy it is harder to get them to listen.

You don’t want to tire them out with sit or stay. The best thing to do is to tire them out and that part of the fight is already won.

Winning before you get started in the high or low energy department will help you get a handle on the dog much quicker.

Commands are a function of repetition. Tell the dog to sit or lay before you do a lot of regular activity.

Things like before they eat, put on the leash, go in the crate, go in the back backyard to use the bathroom, and other times during the day to let the dog know following these commands are a lifestyle.

Nothing is wrong with using treats or toys, but every dog doesn’t like them. Every dog will fit the needs in the last paragraph.

Lastly, discipline is done only to gain the attention of the dog. For example, the dog sees a cat and lunges. You verbally request them to stop and they don’t. At that time, you issue a leash correction.

Once the dog gives you the attention instead of the cat you resume normal. Only use the amount of force that is required to get the attention and nothing more.

Start with lower amounts of force and gradually increase to gain compliance.

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Are Dachshunds Good Pets

They’re good pets that are good with children and other dogs in the house. They can protect the house and don’t display a very high level of energy.

Once they get a few years old you will have a laid-back dog if you have been exercising and training them. The sky is the limit for the owner that puts in the work.

Do Dachshunds Bark A lot

Dachshunds and all other dog breeds will bark excessively when they’re not given the proper amount of exercise. Taking the time to address the real problem will eliminate the symptoms.

Barking isn’t a personality of a dog it is a dog whose needs aren’t being met. Dogs in the wild don’t walk around barking excessively. Only the dogs that are domesticated in the backyard of humans start to develop that trait.

This is one of the behaviors that is taken care of when you exercise the dog at least once a day preferable twice. If the dog is barking excessively get them exercise every morning and every night for starters.

Other measures like dog backpacks and treadmill sessions after runs can be an addition to the program if the behavior persists. I can guarantee you that it won’t. Get them out twice and watch the barking go from excessive to only when necessary.