Chinese Crested

Breed History

Chinese Crested Hairless

Chinese Crested is a toy size, hairless, ancient dog with pink skin. This hairless dog does host fur on their heads, tails, and feet only while most of the body is bald.

Although they have the Chinese name in their name this dog was seen all over the world and no one is sure of the place of origin. They were seen on several continents including Africa, China, South America and Asia.

Most likely they came from Africa due to the type of dogs they had in that region at that time. Most hairless dogs were in Africa and that’s where that educated guess comes from.

The Chinese attachment comes from the work they did on Chinese ships who had rat issues. They were killing rats, or vermin, on board helping Chinese traders who ran ship routes.

While traveling to different areas they would sell excess dogs that they had on the ship. Making it impossible to pinpoint these dog’s origin other than the Chinese traders.

Another mystery is the bald versus hair version of the breed that is the same exact dog, but one grows hair and the other one doesn’t.

Documentation of this breed is shown in the 19th century in writings but especially in the drawings. Unique features make this breed impossible to not pinpoint and there aren’t many dogs that are without hair.

They were in North America for a long time and no one got together a parent Kennel Club to trace the bloodline for several generations, so it took a while before they were given recognition.


In 1991, they receive their official recognition although the American Kennel Club shows documentation for them in the 1950’s. Before reaching America, their breed standard was made already.

Top 80 in popularity they continue to be a standout popular dog in nature. Annual votes on the ugliest dog shows them always winning or close to winning the contest.

Toy Dog Group, or Companion, they are always with a collection of lap dogs. Contrary to a lot of the other dogs they did serve as a ratter which is common jobs amongst the Terriers.

Here are the popular Kennel Clubs and their breed standards.


Male Height: 11-13 inches

Female Height: 10-12 inches

Male Weight: 8-12 pounds

Female Weight: 7-10 pounds

Boy and girl dogs are almost identical which is typical for dogs of the toy size.

Litter Size

Chinese Crested litter size is 4 and they are known to have fewer. Breeders should be aware of how many dogs to expect coming into the household they will care for, for eight weeks.


Hairless – without much hair other than a few areas on the head, legs, and tail. People call this area the crest (head), plume (tail), and socks (feet). Other physical features are not much different from the Powderpuff in comparison to the hairless Chinese Crested.

Powderpuff – full body of fur and less exotic than their bald counterparts. These dogs have the exact same breed standard as the hairless with differences in the fur requirements. Double coat that is soft and silky while being thin overall.


  • Apricot
  • Black
  • Brown
  • Cream
  • Chocolate
  • White
  • Pink
  • Red
  • Sable
  • Silver


$1,000-$4,000 is the price for a Chinese Crested. Depending on location, region, currency exchange, supply, demand and bloodline the prices can change dramatically.

Expect to pay a fee within the thousands for a dog that has papers. People are willing to pay a steep price for a hairless dog due to how rare they are.

Without papers you can expect to pay much less in fees. A few hundred at best, but you risk getting a dog of lower quality. At some point in the parent’s life they couldn’t get papers most likely due to crossbreeding.


Every time you groom your dog make sure a long exercise session is done beforehand. Keeping the dog calm and in a relax mindset will help both parties enjoy the process with more cooperation. Think about it, a long run with a cool bathe right after. Works like a charm.

  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

Brushing is something you can do for the hairless and powderpuff coat types. Areas that allow for the owner to brush should be done one per week.

Combing can be done for both coats as well. They have long areas where they do have hair and it should be done at least once per week.

Bathe the dog as you see fit. Again, we would bathe them after a long exercise session. Some owners chose to do it on a schedule and others will do it when the dog is dirty.

Ears should be clean once weekly to prevent ear infections. Costly bills that you can avoid by cleaning the dirt.

Trimming the nails should happen while exercising the dog, which we recommend. If you don’t exercise the dog, which we don’t recommend, cut them with nail clippers.

Professional help is not a recommendation.

Life Span

12-15 years is the average lifespan of a Chinese Crested Dog. That’s a long time and a strong commitment each owner should take seriously. They are a strong candidate for an adoption even in their senior age due to their long lifespan.

Health Issues

Eye Exam – they are prone to get multiple eye diseases that you should be aware of. Cherry eye, glaucoma, cataracts and other conditions can range in seriousness. Some are irritating while others can lead to partial or complete blindness. Taking the dog to an eye specialist is a recommendation from their official Kennel Club.

Cardiac – heart problems from consuming kibble will cause this dog to have heart issues. Yearly checkups are going to help in determining if the heartbeat is irregular and needs some medical attention.

Patella Luxation – kneecaps are serious issues for small toy especially toy breeds. Partial or complete dislocation can become a source of discomfort for the dog. X-ray will show you the condition of the kneecaps.

Sun Burn – due to the sun exposure from the hairless coat type the Chinese Crested will get sun burn. You can use cream for dog sun burn or you can wait until it is early in the morning or later in the evening to prevent health issues.

Breed Group

Proud member of the Toy Dog Group. These dogs all have one thing in common, being a cute lap dog. Most of the dogs are small sizes and huge in personality. Often these dogs were in royal circles and unable to reach the masses of people due to exclusive clubs who would own them.

These are some of the dogs in the Toy Group

Exercise Needs

Chinese Crested needs a lot of exercise EVERY SINGLE DAY. Daily exercise is what every dog in the world needs and the world would be a better place. Any publication claiming these dogs need little to none don’t understand the dogs needs physically or mentally.

Understanding that exercise is a big part of a dog’s life requires you to look no further than any animals’ documentary with four legs. Dogs travel for miles every day in search of food and water.

When a dog is not able to have a daily outlet, they will find ways to exercise themselves in undesirable ways. Excessive barking, digging, whining, chewing up items inside the house and many others will arise.

Behavior like these will only go away once you make the commitment to channel this energy into something more productive.

Here is a basic exercise recommendation we would give to any client

Morning: Hour (run, walk, or treadmill)

Evening: 30 min (run, walk, or treadmill)

If one session is enough and the dog is laying down while in the house resting for their next exercise session than you can do one per day. Sometimes a dog will need two sessions to calm them down.

Young dogs need a lot more runs than their older counterparts. One run along with one walk will help make immediate changes with younger dogs.

Adult dogs show a decline in energy levels and ability to recover. Daily exercise will decline at this point and the dog will need exercise 4 to 5 times per week with more one session days.

Senior dogs will need only walks and around the corner will be a far distance.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Remember exercise is the key ingredient you want to give your dog. Solid foundations are something every house need, and every training program needs the same. No foundation is more solid than exercise to remove the over excitement and train your dog to listen to you for one to two hours per day. Those small daily investments will result in 365-700 hours of exercise a year. Do you think your dog will calm down after that? What if half of those hours are runs? You get the picture.

Commands are good for communication and you need great communication for every situation. Don’t forget, these commands won’t teach the dog to behave but it will train them in the command. Sit, stay and lay can be taught through repetition until the dog gets it.

Socialization should be done post exercise. Benefits to doing this in this order will be many. Calm approach where the dog is using their nose to communicate will dominate their interaction. No over excitement will persist which leads to dog fights depending on the two parties.

Correct the dog verbally, on leash or off leash with your hand. Understanding the timing is better than using more strength. At some point you will have a hard time remember when the last time was you touch the dog other than to pet. Any correction by leash or hand should start at the lowest level to prevent excessive force.  

Do Chinese Crested Dogs Bark?

Yes, and let me explain why these dogs are more prone to barking. Lack of exercise will cause these dogs to bark more than normal as an outlet that the owner isn’t providing. Hour long sessions, sometimes two, will do the trick every time.

Great owners, like yourself, will make the decision to exercise the dog every day they feel energetic enough to go outside. Doing this will relax the dog physical and mentally while teaching them not to be afraid of the many noises’ humans and animals on this Earth make.

Additional Resources