Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Breed History

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a large size dog with thick bones and a muscular frame. Intimidating presence that can be a strong deterrent for any intruder. Ears sticking straight into the air like Terrier and Spitz breeds.

Ancient Sheepdog that comes from the Ancient Caucasian breed that look like a cross breed of a Sheepdog and Mastiff in appearance. Although an older breed some of their first documentation comes in the 20th century.

Russia is their native land and are known to have made the breed standard what it is today. During the USSR and any dog from this area would need a thick coat like they one they would develop for survival.

South Russia has an area that is called the Caucasian Region. They took this name and because they were guarding the farmland also got the name Shepherd.

Wolves, jackals, and wild bears were all animals that locals would need defense from.  Having this large size dog could fend off these animals and a pack of them could kill at ease.

Ovcharka are long removed from their hay day and now are commonly pets that serve as guardians. Still possess an imposing and physically dominant structure that owners love to have around the yard.


They have no registration with the American Kennel Club currently, but they do have registration with the FCI, Australian National Kennel Council, and the United Kennel Club.

AKC shows recognition to the them as a full blood breed and puts them in the working group. Other kennel clubs put them in the Mastiff group or Guardian group.

Although they are known all over the world they still haven’t gotten recognition from multiple major kennel clubs. Here are the different major kennel clubs and their breed standards for the Caucasian Shepherd dog.

Male Height: 27-30 inches

Female Height: 23-26 inches

Male Weight: 130-170 pounds

Female Weight: 110-130 pounds

Litter Size

8 puppies are the average litter size for the Caucasian Shepherd Dog. Breeders should be aware of how many puppies to expect. Caring these puppies for eight weeks before selling them to a responsible owner is a recommendation.


  • Any Solid Color
  • Piebald
  • Spotted
  • Black, blue and liver brown are not an acceptable colors.


$1,000-$2,000 is the average price you can expect to pay for a Caucasian Shepherd Dog. Prices vary depending on the location, supply, demand, quality of bloodline and other factors.

Caucasian Ovcharka with registration will guarantee a puppy that fits the breed standard. Whenever you choose to buy a dog without papers you should know a lot about the breed standard.

Without papers somewhere along the way these dogs’ parents lost the ability to register. Mainly because of crossbreeding or insufficient breed practices.


Make sure before you start any grooming session you take your dog on a long walk or run. Repeat this method and in a short period of time you will realize that the dog will become calm and welcome the session. If the dog is still not comfortable try a leash to communicate where you want them to stay and the behavior you are looking for.

  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

Brush the coat multiple times per week for the best results. Higher maintenance than most breeds because of the dense double coat. Make sure the brush you use can reach the skin as a starting point.

Combing is going to happen a few times per week as well. Shedding season will make this a much-needed job to do every week as it will remove some of the coat earlier in a cleaner fashion.

Bathe the dog once a month to every six weeks. Walking or running the dog will enable the dog to relax more and will make a great grooming environment.

Ears should be clean at least once a week to avoid and prevent infections from occurring or reoccurring.

Trimming the nails should happen when the dog is exercising, which we recommend. If you don’t exercise, which we don’t recommend, use nail clippers for dogs.

Professional help is a recommendation.

Life Span

10-12 years is the average lifespan for a Caucasian Shepherd Dog. That’s a long time for a dog to live and a long time for you to own a dog. Making the commitment to keep the dog for this entire length of time, exercising daily, and training is a true commitment everyone should take seriously. Great dog adoption option due to their long lifespan.

Health Issues

Hip Dysplasia – bigger dogs will always have an issue with their hips. Hip certification from the parents is something responsible breeders will get. These conditions are inherited from their parents. If a dog doesn’t want to exercise or favoring a leg you should take them to the vet right away and get an x-ray to determine the condition.

Obesity – getting up to 200 pounds is not unheard of for this dog. Owners need to monitor their diet and exercise regimen to prevent their dog from suffering from obesity. Early death could result in an owner that is negligent in their dog’s health.

Cardiac Exam – you need to get a cardiac exam and that can happen when the dog is younger to determine what kind of conditions they have. You will need to get an additional check every few years to determine if new condition had begun.

Breed Group

Working Group, Guardian, or Mastiff is the group you will see them in around the world. We will focus on the working group and why they were put into this group.

Dogs that are in the working group can do many different jobs from herding, guarding property, pulling sheds and many more jobs.

They are really a huge assistance to humans over the decades doing jobs would be hard or impossible for us to accomplish.

Here are some of the dogs in the working group

Exercise Needs

Caucasian Shepherd dog needs a lot of exercise to find the right balance of fulfillment. Lack of exercise will lead to situations that are unfavorable for you and the dog at some point.

When a dog doesn’t get enough exercise, they will start engaging in bad behavior. This behavior consists of barking excessively, digging, nipping, biting, jumping and other behaviors all appear in a form on compensation for not getting enough exercise.

Best way to avoid a dog getting into this state of mind is to exercise them every day that you can possibly can. Instead of finding something bad to occupy their time you will start to occupy it.

Inside the home, backyard or crate should be a place to recover until the next exercise session the next day. Dogs will naturally start to conserve their energy knowing they have a big run in the morning.

Here is what we recommend

Morning: Hour (run, walk or treadmill)

Evening: 30 minutes (run, walk, or treadmill)

Younger dogs will need two sessions up until they are three years old and it will work great on them. Any combination will lead them to calm down and resort to good behavior.

Adult dogs around 3-5 years old won’t need two sessions in most cases unless you never exercised them until now. Then you would need to start at two sessions and decrease when the good behavior increases.

Senior dogs needs a good walk and that’s it. You don’t need to run with them a lot and you never will need two sessions. Over kill is not the remedy you want to remove excess energy only.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Every exercise program should be built on a solid foundation and no foundation is more solid than starting with exercise. This is your building block to everything else you will do. For example, don’t expect the dog to listen or calm down if you haven’t given them exercise all week, month or year long. Once you have a good exercise program in place then you can start seeing results in lower energy levels and leadership positions over them. Imagine exercising your dog 360-720 hours per year? That will change everything. Expect to spend most of your time in this area.

Commands training is a smaller part due to a shorter time commitment. Repetition will help you when it comes to teaching a command. Most will learn commands in two or three days at the most and can repeat these for the rest of their lives.

Socialize the dog after exercise sessions every time. Before vet visits, dog parks, family get togethers, and whatever else you can think of make sure a long exercise session comes first. The only exception is when the dog is going on a hike or something physical then you don’t have to exercise them before.

Correct the dog verbally, on or off leash. Regardless of your correction style you should know the principles to follow. Timing should be consistent with prevention. Stop something from happening before. The dog growls before you get to the bowl not during or after, right? Next, you need to make the dog sit or lay after just like dogs to do to each other. No force will be in need when deploying these tactics unless the dog is zoned out and you need to get their attention.

Are Caucasian Shepherds Good Family Dog?

Yes, they are great family dogs and only need a great owner. Lazy ownership that doesn’t exercise and train will have a different opinion when it comes to this.

If you exercise once a day, twice when needed, and you train until the behavior looks the way you want it to look you will now have a great dog at home. Keep making a commitment to the basics and stick to it. The dog will end up fantastic in no time, but it takes work to get there.

Additional Resources