Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Breed Information

Breed History

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a medium size dog that is low to the ground with big bones and a large chest. Short legged but strong with long endurance to handle the job they were built to accomplish.

Coming from Wales they are one of two dogs who originates from the area. Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi are both from the area and did the same thing with a difference appearance.

Job they would both carry is herding other animals in their native land. Known for nipping the heels of other animals who did not want to move quick enough and they will still do this today.

In addition, they would always guard the same cattle at night that they would herd in the daytime. Serving in a dual role capacity providing a lot of value to the people of Wales.

Historians suggest that Corgi is an ancient word in the area for dog. Also, they would be breed with the Pembroke almost at will in the first few hundred years, so they are both a part of each other.

Although similar in appearance and breed together the Cardigan is much older than the Pembroke in age. Around the 1930’s the dog would separate from the Pembroke and never breed with them again.

At this time, they would become a different breed from one another, but they will always be connected at the hip due to crossbreeding. Dachshunds are also a dog that comes from the same line.

Registration

In 1935, they would receive official recognition from the American Kennel Club. Around this time, they would break from their brother the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and stand on their own as a purebred breed.

Top 70 in popularity they have become very popular in the United States but second to the Pembroke who is more popular.

Herding Group, or Working Group, by almost every major kennel club. Here are the major kennel clubs and their breed standard for this breed.

Size

Male Height: 12.5 inches

Female Height: 10.5 inches

Male Weight: 30-40 pounds

Female Weight: 25-35 pounds

Litter Size

6 puppies are the average litter size for the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Breeders should be aware of how many Corgis to expect. Keep the puppies with the mother until they reach at least eight weeks of age before selling them to a responsible dog owner.

Colors

  • Black – and white
  • Blue Merle – and white
  • Brindle – and white
  • Red – and white
  • Sable – and white

Markings

  • Black Mask
  • Brindle points
  • Tan Points
  • Ticked

Price

$1,000-$2,000 is the average price of a Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Prices may vary depending on location, currency, supply, demand and other factors that can affect the price.

Papers will increase the cost of the puppy substantially due to the quality control that the kennel clubs follow that adhere to the breed standards.

Without papers they will cost less money around a few hundred dollars. One, or both, of the parents were unable to receive papers most likely due to crossbreeding.

Grooming

Take the dog on a long run or walk before you start the grooming process. Doing this will ensure that the dog is going to be calm and relaxed when you start brushing, combing, and washing them. Too much energy will ruin the experience for both the owner and the dog. Changing how you start the process will change the events that take place during.

  1. Brushing
  2. Combing
  3. Bathing
  4. Ears
  5. Nails
  6. Professional Help

Brush the coat at least once per week for the best results.

Comb the coat at least once per week for the best results.

Bathe the dog after a long run or walk at least every month to six weeks. You don’t need to over due the bathing process just exercise them for one hour before and use a leash until the dog knows how to behave.

Cleaning the ears once per week is ideal due to the ability of dogs to develop ear infections. Constant head shaking, scratching, and development of a strong odor will show you they have an infection.

Trimming the nails should happen during exercise, which we recommend. If you don’t run or walk you dog daily, which we don’t recommend, cut their nails with clippers.

Professional help is not a recommendation.

Life Span

12-15 years is the average lifespan for a Cardigan Welsh Corgi. That’s a long time for any dog to live and owners should be aware of the time commitment spanning well over a decade. Great dog to choose for an adoption due to them living so long.

Health Issues

Hip Dysplasia – is a condition where the dog’s hips are prone to being painful to the dog. Improper alignment with the hip socket and the leg bone will become apparent if they have the condition. When you try to exercise the dog, they will show a disinterest. Take them to the vet immediately if this is the case. Otherwise, get a check within the first 24 months to make sure they don’t have a mild condition.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy – serious eye condition that progressing into a worst condition over time. Eye exams are perfect for understanding if the dog has this condition. Blindness is the result of this disease and owners should be aware of the dog’s handicap if they have one.

Degenerative Myelopathy – spinal cords are a problem for dogs who have longer backs than other dogs. Severe cases with this disease makes it hard for the dog to walk on their back legs and they will drag them. Senior dogs are the majority who will have this condition it is rare for younger dogs to have the problem.

Breed Group

Proud member of the Herding Group. Herding dogs are dogs that move a different animals from one place to another. Most of the time this takes place on a farm that has too many animals for a human to herd.

Due to the limitation humans have with herding animals’ but dogs can do this duty at scale without any issues.

Here are some of the dogs in the herding group

Exercise Needs

Yes, Cardigan Welsh Corgi needs a lot of exercise to meet their needs daily. Real question everyone needs to know is how much exercise you should give them.

Answer is that it depends on the dog and specifically on the dog’s behavior. Using the dog’s behavior is one of the best indicators of how much exercise you are or are not giving them.

For example, you may feel like you exercise the dog taking them to the bathroom and putting them in the backyard but look at the dog. Jumping, biting, barking excessively and overexcited.

All these show a dog that is lacking exercise and mental stimulation. When you start to exercise daily and for a longer period these boredom behaviors will stop completely.

Here is a basic recommendation we give to clients

Morning: Hour (run, walk or treadmill)

Evening: 30 mins (run, walk or treadmill)

Younger dogs need a lot of exercise. More than they would need at any other time in their life. Prepare to take them out on many runs on a bike and two session days to keep them from getting energy build up.

Adult dogs will start to see a decrease in energy levels. Once they start declining, they will need less exercise and at this point they should have most of their basic commands on autopilot.

Senior dogs don’t need a lot of exercise before they reach satisfaction. Walks around the corner and back can do the job with most dogs that are older in age.

Basically, you want to make sure you get them daily exercise everyday and that will change the way the dog acts and they will blend in with the family and begin to act normal.

Training

  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Every house should be built on a solid foundation and no foundation is more solid than a daily exercise regimen. Getting the proper amount of exercise daily will change the way the dog acts and listens around the house. Behavior will change from exercising by jumping all over members of the house to recovering from the latest long exercise session with one more coming at nighttime. Understanding the dynamics of bad behavior and exercise will put you far beyond owners who are unable or unwilling to increase to a daily exercise regimen.

Commands training is the best way to get complete control over your dog, but you need to practice on leash and off leash. Particularly off leash will enhance the bond with the dog and lets them listen to you regardless of being on or off a leash. Repetition is the best teacher and giving them plenty of reps will build the muscles that you need to train them properly.

Socialize the dog after a long run or walk. For example, before you go to the vet, car rides, park, dog park, have friends over, and any other thing you can think of take the dog on a long run or walk prior. One little tip will make such a difference.

Correcting the dog verbally, on, or off leash should all follow the same principles. Timing is the biggest factor in knowing if the dog will listen. Let’s say the dog runs in the house when the dog is open. You need to open the dog and tell the dog no before they step foot in the house. Whenever they look at the door correct then. Small changes will change the way you command control.

Difference Between a Pembroke Welsh Corgi and a Cardigan Welsh Corgi?

Cardigan Welsh Corgi – older, larger, less popular, long tail, more colors

Pembroke Welsh Corgi- younger smaller, more popular, docked tail, less colors,

Additional Resources