Breed History

Bloodhound liver color

Bloodhound is a powerful large dog breed with droopy ears, wrinkle neck, eyebrows, loose skin, and legendary scent capabilities. Endless stamina to find a scent and there is no better dog than the Bloodhound.

Best nose by far, but there is no competition when it comes to tracking humans. Days after smelling items they will find somebody by relentlessly going after the smell until they find it.

Deer and wild boar were some of the main prey that they would hunt with their owners. They are large animals and when people would have a pack of them it would be hard to stop them from finding and tracking down other animals.

No level of technology is better at finding lost humans or hunting than the nose of this breed. Responsible for many hound breeds because they’re one of the best and people would try to make smaller versions of them for other purposes.

Origins of the breed are unknown, and nobody knows where they come from or from what dog. Descriptions of the breed’s size, skin, and ears pop up around the 1300’s and continue starting in Europe. Elite members of society would have packs of Bloodhounds.

Breed standard has been in place for centuries with little changes over many centuries. Police dogs in the 19th century they have been in use from search and rescue and pursuit of criminals active resisting arrest by running.


Coming to America at an unknown time this dog was apart of the second wave of dogs to get registration in 1885. Very few dogs have gotten registration before them and they are some of the old breeds to get recognition in the 19th century.

Breed standard saw improvement up until the 1900’s and have stable ever since. There aren’t many changes that have been made between now and then. Any new colors or attributes would be because of a contribution from a different breed that could limit their nose abilities and those changes never took place.

This dog is exclusively in the Hound Dog group regardless of where major Kennel Club’s around the world places them.

Here are the major Kennel Clubs and their breed standards.


Male Height: 25-27 inches

Female Height: 23-25 inches

Male Weight: 90-110 pounds

Female Weight: 80-100 pounds

Men are much bigger than any females in this breed group. You will notice that you are looking at a male or female when you are familiar with this breed and the size difference isn’t noticeable with all breeds.  

Litter Size

8 puppies are the average breed size and there are no known procedures that mothers need to have in order to deliver the puppies. Mothers deliver a larger than average amount of puppies and breeders should be aware and prepared of how many to expect before making the decision to have puppies.


  • Black and Tan
  • Liver and Tan
  • Red

A little bit of white on the chest is acceptable but not a large spot. Puppies will routinely have these marks and other times they will not have them, but it is acceptable.


$1,000-$3,000 is the price you can expect to pay for a Bloodhound. Dogs with papers will always cost more than dogs without papers for two reasons. You will know the bloodline and the quality of puppy increases when you get them with both papers showing registration.

Without papers you can expect to pay significantly less money than with them. The bloodline of one of both parents will be unknown and the quality of the puppy can quickly diminish. There are no dog shows or anything that they can be a part of either.


  1. Brushing
  2. Bathing
  3. Ears
  4. Nails
  5. Professional Help

Brush the coat at least once or twice per month. There is no need for overkill the coat is very short and doesn’t require a lot of maintenance. Tangles and matting will never happen with this breed so there is no painful future grooming sessions for negligence.

Bathe the dog as you see fit or do it on a schedule. Don’t wash the dog too often because it can have an adverse effect on the coat. Most of our busy clients like the bathe on a Sunday, for example, and others will do it when they can’t take the smell any longer.

Life Span

10-12 years is a decent lifespan for a large dog. Owners should be aware of how long their dog lives and plan to make the proper adjustments and mental preparation for the length and departure of their dog.

Health Issues

Bloat – this is one of the deadliest conditions to have for a dog being one of the main causes for death in large breeds. When a dog stomach expands it will put pressure on veins and arties causing the dog to pass away at an earlier age. Sudden death can be the first symptom you notice so take your dog to the vet for annual checkups don’t overfeed your big dog.

Hip Dysplasia – Bad hips are common in large dog breeds and should get an examination from your local vet according to their Kennel Club. X-rays can determine if they have hip issues and to what extent. When owners see the dog is showing discomfort, they should take the time and get their hips looked at.

Elbow Dysplasia – Growth is the elbow area can cause stiffness and other a disinterest in working out doing basic things like running. Their kennel club also recommends that you get the elbows a checkout when they reach a certain age unless you see issues before they reach 24 months.

Cardiac Exam – Big dogs eat big meals and could have big health problems in the process. Getting their health examination can help determine if they have or are starting to develop issues and you can adjust accordingly in the process. Irregular heart beats and murmurs will all be a part of the discovery of the heart exam.

Breed Group

Proud members of the Hound Group and are by far one of the most distinct members. Having the best nose in the dog community and being the ancestor where most of the breeds come from while showing the oldest linage.

All the dogs in the Hound Group are great hunters and show a strong prey drive.

Here are some of the dogs that make up this dog group

Exercise Needs

Bloodhounds need a lot of exercise. That what you see when you look on the internet. Long walks and other non-specific language that doesn’t pertain to your dog. When trying to figure out the magic number look no further than the dog itself.

Bad behavior is a message and good behavior is a message you should pay attention to from your own dog. When the dog isn’t getting enough exercise, they will misbehave and when they’re getting enough exercise they won’t. It is as simple as that.

Here is a basic recommendation of what your daily exercise ritual should look like

Morning: Hour (run, walk, or treadmill)

Evening: 30 minutes (run, walk, or treadmill)

Younger dogs need some more runs and more days with two sessions to get complete fulfillment from the exercise program.

Adult dogs most notable around three years old will be less energetic. Running will still be a big deal but only at certain times and you will see it with the behavior improving dramatically.

Senior dogs will need little to no runs and will benefit from exercising with walks. Walks around the block will make the dog tired and sleepy all day long.

At all stages of the dog’s life you should look at their behavior and decide to increase and decrease the daily requirements because it is going to change all the time. Owners need to pay close attention to the type of program, if any, they have and how it should adjust to current behavior.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Every training program should have a solid foundation and no foundation is stronger than daily exercise. Best owners will spend most of their time in this area. Most of the clients I get would never call me if they exercise the dog first and work on the problems after. People like to complain, whine, and never exercise instead. That doesn’t work. Training a dog is hard work and getting them to behave is hard work. Put in the work or wait until the dog is old and don’t have any energy to misbehave anymore.

Commands get a lot of attention due to how easy it is to train them. Everybody can be successful, and it doesn’t take daily dedication. All it takes is a few hours for a few days and the dog will know the command forever. Will the dog listen to sit? Yes! Does that mean it will now behave? No. Don’t confuse this behavior training because it isn’t. Repetition will help drive the commands. Try using them before they eat, drink water and go in or out of doors.

Socializing will come natural as a part of a well-balanced daily exercise regimen with the dog acting normal in social settings. Increasing the time around their own kind is great but should be done after a long exercise session. People underestimate the benefits of exercise and then play time.

Corrections are a part of the dog’s life and will be a great way to communicate. Verbal, hand, or leash corrections will help you in teaching the dog. You will correct a lot at first and it will decrease as the rules are consistent.

Do Bloodhounds Make Great Pets?

Great with the family and kids. Due to their strong hunting ability you may want to give them an outlet instead of them finding one on their own.

Another area that makes them great is the low energy levels and the ability to lay around all day long. You can leave them in the house, and they will stay in the same spot until you come back home. Combine this characteristic with daily exercise that I teach, and we have a strong possibility of a great house dog.

Additional Resources