Black and Tan Coonhound

Breed History

Black and Tan Coonhound

Black and Tan Coonhound is a large size hunting dog with a calm presence and laid-back demeanor. At the same time, they can display endless energy when hunting creating a perfect balance.

One of the few true American dogs they are also rare because they have recognition around the world. Most America dogs have registration with American and United Kennel Clubs but nowhere else.

Specializing in hunting racoons this was one of the best sources of meat in different areas of the country before commercial farming took over and lowered the need for hunting.

Crossbreeding several hound dogs from other countries would be groundwork for creating the Black and Tan Coonhound. Some places in the south and west coast had no real hound dogs.

Breeders would soon crossbreed a Bloodhound and a Foxhound both with terrific noses and prey drive. Different terrains are no match for the B &T’s as they can relentlessly track down Racoons.

Although we have a lot of Coonhounds now, they are one of the first to receive registration and would start the name that many other breeds now carry who are strong racoon hunters as well.

First part of their name comes from their color. No other colors are allowed and that’s why it is safe to include their color in their name. Secondly, they hunt racoons and are hound dogs by nature.

Coonhounds are still very popular in the south and remain a staple in some states who still love to hunt for recreational purposes, or tradition. Having a real hound dog with you will increase your chances of finding prey.


In 1945, they would receive registration from the American Kennel Club. All the major kennel clubs would soon join and show them recognition as a full blood breed with unique characteristics.

Top 130 in popularity they will most likely not become more popular and are at their peak. Again, not as popular because humans don’t need to hunt the same way they did decades ago.

Hound Group is the category all major kennel clubs place them without error. Here are the major kennel clubs and their breed standard.


Male Height: 24-25 inches

Female Height: 23-24 inches

Male Weight: 85-110 pounds

Female Weight: 65-85 pounds

Litter Size

6 puppies are the average litter size for the Black and Tan Coonhound. Breeders should be aware of how many puppies to expect and prepare properly. Mothers have no known health issues when it comes to delivering the puppies and everything can be done with human interference. Consult with your vet of course.


  • Black and Tan


$1,000-$2,000 is the average price of a Black and Tan Coonhound. Prices vary depending on location, currency, supply, demand and other factors that can change the price of the puppy.

Registration will make the dog more valuable in the marketplace due to the strict adherence to the breed standard. Highest quality pups come from these litters and they command a higher price.

Without papers you can expect to pay around a few hundred bucks at most. When one, or both, parents can’t get papers it is most likely due to crossbreeding at some point and puppies can’t get papers either.


Going for a long run or walk will be the decision to make before you start the grooming session. Setting up the dog for success during the grooming session starts before the session and during the session you want to stay calm and use a leash to help with communication.

  1. Brushing
  2. Bathing
  3. Ears
  4. Nails
  5. Professional Help

Brush the coat at least once per week for the best results. Short coat doesn’t need much maintenance but don’t be completely negligent either.

Exercising before bathing is the best for two reason. First the dog can get a drink of water from the hose showing friendship. Second, cooling the dog off after a long walk or run is the best introduction.

Cleaning the ears once a week is important for Coonhounds because of the moisture that can build up inside due to the floppy ears.

Trimming the nails should happen during exercise, which we recommend. If you don’t exercise, which we don’t recommend, take the time to cut them with clippers or a professional groomer.

Professional help is not a recommendation for this breed.

Life Span

10-12 years is the average lifespan for a Black and Tan Coonhound. They live a decent lifespan for a large breed and owners should be aware of the time commitment. Decent dog you can look to adopt because they live for so long.

Health Issues

Hip Dysplasia – big issue for many medium to large size dogs is the hips. Getting an examination around 24 months of age is the best practice unless you see signs that you should go sooner. Limping, favoring, or not wanting to go on basic walks or runs can be the dog telling you they have this condition because it isn’t visible.

Eye Examination – cherry eye, glaucoma, and cataracts are some of the issues you can expect to run across. Although they can show signs at an early age you should get an examination by 24 months as well. Partial to complete blindness can affect your dog especially in old age so annual eye checks after 24 months is best.

Elbow Dysplasia – growth on the outside of the elbow can cause a lot of discomfort for the dog. Noticing stiffness and other symptoms should prompt a quick vet visit. Other than that, around 24 months get an examination of the condition according to their official kennel clubs health statement.

Thyroid – obsessive weight gain, never ending thirst, and a huge appetite are all signs that the dog’s thyroid is working improperly. Few tests over the dog’s life will determine the status of the Thyroid.

Breed Group

Proud members of the Hound Group. Humans are indebted to these dogs, whether scent or sight hound, for the contributions they made in the arena of hunting.

They can truly do things that humans are not capable of doing and do it better than any other breed. Hound group is special and should be celebrated as such.

Here are some of the dogs in the hound group

Exercise Needs

Black and Tan Coonhounds need a lot of exercise and they need it every single day. Most owners don’t understand how much to exercise, and we will teach you how to solve this problem.

There are arguments with people on topics such as walking them to go to the bathroom, going to the mailbox, and putting them in the backyard as being real exercise.

Fact is we don’t need to go back and forth the find out the answer to this question. How does your dog act? Only question that will answer if the dog is getting enough exercise.

Whenever the dog is barking excessively, digging, chewing up everything, going in the trash, and other behaviors they are clearly not getting enough.

Next if the dog is over excited, jumping, and wagging their tail so hard it becomes violent the dog isn’t getting enough runs or walks to meet their needs.

Here is a basic recommendation we would give to a client.

Morning: Hour (run, walk or treadmill)

Evening: 30 mins (run, walk or treadmill)

Younger dog and older dogs who never got exercise will benefit from getting two sessions per day one walk and one run until they are calmer in nature. A lot of training on commands happen here.

Next, adult dogs around three years or older will show a decline in exercise needs and one session a day will start to be all they can handle. Autopilot training should occur in this area.

Senior dogs don’t need a lot of exercise and a walk around the block will do the trick most times. Remember to look at their behavior to determine how much you should or shouldn’t give.


  1. Exercise program
  2. Commands
  3. Socialization
  4. Corrections

Every home should be built on a solid foundation and no foundation is more solid than daily exercise. Everything else will become easy or non-important if this is the focal point of the training you give your dog. Your dog getting one hour of exercise a day will change from being destructive around the house to recovering for their next trip outside. Also, the dog is listening to you for 365 hours during these walks how many training programs can achieve that? Probably not many unless you are exercising.

Commands are important for keeping complete control over the dog whether on or off leash. Key to this is the use repetition to your advantage and remain persistent until you get the type of results you want before stopping.

Socialize the dog after a long walk or run to set the proper tone. Before vet visits, dog parks, car rides, beaches or friends visiting the home make sure you exercise the dog beforehand. Doing this is the best way to introduce your dog to new environments and have them on their best behavior.

Correcting the dog will happen verbally, on or off leash. Timing is the best way to figure out if you’re not doing your best job communicating. Waiting until the action in progress is too late. Giving the correction before they do something is the best timing. Although this is the most important the second most important is making the dog sit or lay after the correction. Combine the two and you will have a very respectful dog, along with the exercise program of course.

Are Black and Tan Coonhounds Protective?

Yes, they will protect their home from intruders, but they are also social and friendly at the same time. Exercise, training and socialization will not stop the dog from defending their household. Healthy protection will start to form over time and the dog will not show over aggression or aggression they will be territorial at best.

Additional Resources